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Text on page 60
THE GEMS OF THE EAST
Nagsulat, particle and root combined into one word, makes the past tense:
nagsulat aco a 1 wrote.
Maga sulat is the future tense:
maga sulat aco = I shall write.
These present, past, and future tenses are the only ones used, and it may have been noticed that, when alone, pronouns always follow and do not precede the word used as a verb, which normally comes at the beginning of the sentence, either in the first or second place. In a sentence, however, the pronoun precedes the verb:
Aco may isarang cuti =
I have a cat.
The ng in this case is a mere connecting suffix of the numeral isara (one) with the next word. The word may, here used for the verb ahave,a is frequently suppressed altogether. In present and past tenses it remains unchanged, but in the future tense is transformed into caguiguita in the singular and cababagat in the plural.
The conjugation of regular verbs is made by taking a root word and adding to it an appropriate particle, making the different moods and tenses. The passive form is generally used in preference to the activeabut no definite rule seems to exist to fix when either form should be used. The passive form is indicated by adding en or an to the root when in the infinitive :
pag sulataH=to write.
En and an are also used for the imperative and future, but for the present and past in is the prefix placed before the root.
There is nothing to express the verb ato be,a and the pronoun aco (I) used alone stands for aI am.a Thus: