New York and London:
Harper and brothers,
Text on page 92
THE GEMS OF THE EAST
and approaching civilization, are gradually reducing their number, and, no doubt, in a few years from now there will be but few of them left.
The Calamians do not devote much time to music, the only instrument they seemed to manufacture being a jewas-harp made of split bambooaquite unlike the Tagbanouas of Palawan, among whom we shall find most original instruments. Large shells are, however, used to obtain sounds from. Chanting in a sad monotone is indulged inagenerally improvised versions of some striking event in the lives of the singers. The Calamians of Coron possess a strange legend of a voyager who once landed or was wrecked on their island. They chant of the marvellous things which he possessed, and which excited their intense admiration.
The Calamians are docile and uncomplaining, but timid in the extreme; those few who have been coaxed by Filipinos are great workers, the women doing as much if not more than the men.
It is customary for a Calamian to select a favorite spot where he wishes to be laid at rest after death, either in a cave or in a regular grave dug in the ground; but this expressed wish is only carried out on certain quaint conditions. If, on lifting the dead body, the mourners find it light, it is duly conveyed and interred in the spot requested; but if the body appears heavy, a totally different spot is selected for its burial. In any case, however, such weapons, utensils, and ornaments as the deceased possessed in his lifetime are ever buried with him.
Busuanga is by far the largest island of the Calamianes group, and the most civilized. From an artistic point of view, however, Busuanga presents no very great attraction after the rugged picturesqueness of Penon de Coron and its quaint folks. It displays long stretches of hills, ranging from iooo to 1200 feet, and comparatively sparsely wooded-a especially on the northeast slope of each hillaa fact undoubtedly caused by the fierceness of the northeast monsoon which strikes this island with great force. One or two peaks tower above all others, such as smooth-topped Mount Tundalara, 2150 feet; a conical mount 1300 feet near