OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
a Long and dreary were tlie days of the soldiers at Cavite, but a Maine,a always on hand and happy with the boys, cheered them up. Their shelter was hers. They cared for her, and what they had she shared. She had an abnormal appetite for candy, and the little Filipino children who sold sweetmeats to the American soldiers came to know a Mainea as well as anybody did. They would feed her candy and then go to the battery boys for their money.
a a Maine chaw candy; you owe, you owe,a they would yell at the soldiers until they got their pay.
a The marked intelligence possessed by this remarkable dog was shown by the fact that she knew the bugle calls perfectly, and was ever first to respond. But on the firing line she won the most glory. Always at the front during an engagement, she seemed to enjoy the smoke and roar of battle and the whizzing of bullets, and proved herself very valuable as a messenger. She participated in the battles of San Roque, Caridad and Delalican, fought on February 9th, 1899; Rosario, June 10th; Noveleta, June 16th, and Salinas, June 18th. At the battle of Noveleta she received a wound and won the heart of every American soldier by her bravery
a During her eventful career in the Far East, her voyage of 16,000 miles by ocean and 2,000 miles by rail, a Mainea grew to be a beautiful animal. She was a great favorite with Admiral Dewey, who often petted her and fed her peanuts and candy from his own hand. Almost every officer and man around Manila and at many other places in Luzon knew her, and she could not be lost. She visited all the United States warships in Manila Bay and also some of the Spanish vessels that they had destroyed.a
Upon their return to Los Angeles, the members of the battery re-presented a Mainea to the family of her original mistress, Miss Yaw being at the time in London, a guest of Lady Muir. Her relatives subsequently took the dog with them to England, where her history was soon known, and she became as famous there as she had been in America. A fine photograph of this remarkable animal, taken while she was at Cavite, is given in this work.
The Buffalo, or Caraboa, is the most useful animal in the Philippines. He is indispensable, in V fact, to the wel-
fare of the peoplea they could not get along with-
out him. The rustic and the buffalo 1 are familiar
A NATIVE FESTIVAL.
The natives have numerous holidays, saintsa days and a fiestas,a on which occasions the entire population turns out in clean clothes and has a good time.
Nothing can keep the average Filipino away from a festival.
and intelligence. While death and destruction were flying everywhere, a Mainea was in advance of the American troops. Suddenly she was struck by a Filipino rifle ball, and quickly the word was being passed along the firing line that a our mascota had been fatally shot. But in a moment a Mainea came rushing toward the American army with a big Filipino sombrero in her mouth, undoubtedly captured by her from the very ranks of Aguinaldoa s forces.
a Cheer after cheer went heavenward for the brave mascot. But the wound she had received before reaching her command was a harsh one, and loss of blood compelled her to give up the fight, though she would not leave the boys or the firing line, and one of the soldiers used her as a rest for his rifle, firing shot after shot over her prostrate form. The ball had entered a Mainea s body just above a vital spot, back of the shoulders, and it was weeks before she recovered from the wound. But she received more attention perhaps than any man in the hospital, and was pulled through.
a Soon afterward the news reached the boys that they were to leave the islands and to be mustered out at San Francisco. And along with them came their mascot, the most famous of war dogs.
companions, and they seem to understand each other perfectly. When a native is owner of the animal he works, he treats it almost like one of the family. It is very powerful, docile, slow in its movements and easy to train. Guided by a piece of split rattan attached to a string in its nostril, a buffalo is often ridden by a child three years old. It knows the voices of the family to which it belongs, and will approach or stand still when called by any one of them. It is not of great endurance, and cannot support hard work in the sun for more than a couple of hours without rest and bathing, either in water or mud. Europeans cannot manage buffaloes, and very few make the effort; it requires the patience, the voice and the peculiar movement of the native to handle this animal.
The method of feeding is peculiarly Oriental, the food of the buffalo being a mixture, or chow-chow, of rice, rice straw, grass, etc. The animals have a ring run through the nose and a rope attached. The almond-eyed driver catches hold of the rope near the nose of the buffalo and forces up his head, with the other hand inserting a piece of bamboo, filled with the chow-chow, into the mouth of the animal and pouring its contents down the throat of
a " a a a a a