WILD RACES OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS.
THE wild or uncivilized races consist chiefly of the Aetas, or Negritos, a mountain tribe to be found here and there over the whole group of islands; the Gaddanes, Itavis, Igorrotes, half-caste Igorrote-Chinese, Tinguianes, Maca-bebes, and others in Luzon and the northern islands, and the Moros, or Mussulmans, Tagbanus and others of the South.
The first of these tribes, known generally as Negritos, are found in the mountains of nearly every peopled island of the archipelago, and are supposed to be the original inhabitants. They are small and very dark, many of them being as black as African negroes. Some writers conjecture that they came originally from Africa, but this is improbable. They do not seem to have any
African blood in their veins. Their general appearance is more like that of the Alfoor Papuans of New Guinea.
specimens of humanity. They are a spiritless and cowardly race, and would not deliberately face white men with warlike intentions in anything like equal numbers, although they might spend a quiverful of poisoned arrows from behind a tree at a retreating foe.
The Negrito, when on an expedition, either of war or plunder, carries a bamboo lance, a palm-wood bow and a supply of poisoned arrows. He is light-footed and runs with great speed after the deer, or climbs the tallest tree like a monkey, which he greatly resembles when performing this act. They live in groups, or villages, like all wild races, each village consisting usually of from fifty to sixty persons; and they move frequently from place to place in quest of new fields for game or fishing. Their religion is a rude form of spirit-worship, which seems to be the inherent faith of all races that are close to nature. Anything which for the time being,
MESS OF THE CALIFORNIA HEAVY ARTILLERY, BATTERY D.
This photograph shows the quarters of the battery while encamped at Cavite. It is one of the Government war photographs furnished for special
reproduction in this work.
Their hair is curly and matted like Astrakhan fur, their foreheads are low and protruding, lips thick, noses broad and flat, and features generally forbidding. For dress the men wear a simple breech-cloth, fastened around the waist like a girdle. Some of their chiefs are likewise seen wearing high silk hats and carrying canes, which they received from the Spaniards as marks of distinction. The women cover their bodies from the waist to the knees, and usually have strings of beads or other bright gew-gaws around their necks or in their ears. There is something; picturesque in the appearance of a well-formed, healthy Negrito, damsel, with her jet-black, piercing eyes and her hair done up in a perfect ball of close curls. The men are small of stature, and some of them are hale and swarthy in appearance, but many present a .sickly and emaciated aspect, due to their mode of life and indolent inactivity. The women fade early, and a Negrito matron past thirty is one of the least attractive
in their imagination, has a supernatural appearance is deified. It is related that when the railroad was first constructed from Manila to Dagugan, the Negritos appeared in large numbers along the tracks, which they regarded with superstitious awe. When the trial trip of the first locomotive took place, and the iron horse came snorting and puffing down the tracks, they fell on their knees in abject terror, worshiping the strange monster as a new and frightful deity. They have a profound respect for old age, and for their dead. The latter, in fact, is characteristic of all the tribes of the islands. The Tagalogs formerly exposed their dead while passing through the streets or along the roads on the way to church, until the Spaniards were compelled to put a stop to the custom by severe measures.
The Negritos are of very low intellect, and although some of them have been reared from infancy by civilized families, the results
[in the preparation of this chapter we have followed the writings of such standard authors as Foreman, Lala, Worcester, Alfred Russell Wallace, and others of equally high reputation*, adding to what they have written many hitherto unpublished facts from our own correspondents and from distinguished officers and intelligent soldiers in the Philippines. On account of the remarkable character of many of the statements, we have been careful to use nothing that was not first fully substantiated.a Editor.]