OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
FILIPINO PRISONERS OF WAR CAPTURED REAR SAN ROQUE.
When at rest these people rarely stand or sit down, but, on the contrary, squat like animals, this peculiarity being one of the indications of their low state of
civilization. The whole nation is not worth the life of one American soldier.
Many of the country villages are ideal places of residence, and here the simple-minded people live, happy and contented. Their wants are but few and are easily satisfied. If a newly-wedded couple desire to set up housekeeping for themselves, it is only a matter of two or three daysa work to erect a bamboo cottage, and the bride herself easily manufactures the few articles of furniture that are needed. The bed consists simply of a fine mat, and one narrow and one long pillow, composed usually of native cotton. No sheets, blankets or coverlets are required, and both men and women sleep in their stockings and pajamas. Mosquito nets, however, are a necessity, as no one can sleep in these islands without protection from these pests.
As the family growrs the dimensions of the house are increased, until, in some instances, country houses reach the proportions of barns; but they rarely have more than one room, as the dress and customs of the people dispense with the necessity of privacy. If a bath is desired, the family goes
to the nearest brook or river, and makes a frolic of the occasion. Nearly all the houses are built a few feet above the ground, to afford ventilation, and as a means of protection against serpents and insects, which are numerous. Very few houses are more than one story high, except in the cities, or, if they reach the elevation of two stories, the first either remains uninhabited or is occupied as a coach-house or sleeping quarters for servants. In the cities the lower story is usually of stone or brick, and the upper ,of wood, with sliding windows of opaque sea-shells. It is very rare, however, to see a country or village house with window's of any kind. They are supplied simply with openings for light and ventilation, and these are closed at night, or when it rains, with shutters made of thatch, like the walls of the house.
A more contented people than the Filipinos probably does not exist. Possessing but few wants, and naturally averse to exertion except when absolutely necessary, they accept the dispensations of Providence as they come and are satisfied with their lot.
COSSACK OUTPOST NEAR SAN ROQUE.
San Roque is located on Cavite Point, about a mile from that place, and is connected with Cavite by a causeway. It is about fourteen miles south of Manila.