584 . OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
did it c'ost?a Privates receive 3^ pesos a month; or, reduced to our standard, $1.75. There is a small increase, as with us, for the ascending grades of enlisted men, and, upon reaching commissioned officers, the pay for the lowest rank in that class is 15 pesos. First lieutenants receive an advance over that sum of 5 pesos, and that rate of increase continues up to brigadier-general, making the monthly pay of the latter grade $22.50 a month, reckoned in our money. In addition, all soldiers receive a daily ration of rice, an amount that in times of plenty may be as much as one and one-half pints, but from late reports this has been cut down to about one-half pint. The soldiers are expected to supplement this scanty issue with fish and frogs. Fish and frogs, like pigs and children, are plentiful in Filipino land. The irrigating ditches, no matter how shallow or narrow, are favorite feeding-places for fish. Everywhere may be seen little groups of children dipping with tiny nets for fish or chasing frogs through the swamps or inundated fields with what seems to be the top of a bird cage, while near by are their elders with caraboas drawing plows of a model dating back a hundred years, and preparing the water-soaked squares for rice.
The fighting has delayed rice-planting in this vicinity to some extent, but the natives have now about concluded their work. Perhaps the Fili-
SOUTH ENTRANCE; TO WALLED PORTION OF MANILA FROM SANTA LUCIA DRIVE.
Dhobie itch is another disease from which the soldiers suffer; it is very annoying and impairs the strength of the army. The physicians soon devised means to effect cures, and ultimately this evil will be much lessened.
Pulmonary complaints are not very general among the natives or the soldiers, but patients suffering from them in any form find it quite serious, owing to the excessive rains and dampness, and seldom recover unless sent to a dryer climate.
I take special pains as far as possible to encourage the observance of precautions regarding health, which I find customary with the natives. Whether in cantonment or on the march, I endeavor to have clean pajamas provided for each patient when he enters the hospital, while his own clothing, which is generally soiled and wet, is being thoroughly boiled and laundered by a skilled Chinese laundryman, wdio in turn thoroughly boils the pajamas, so that when used by patients there is no pino in the fields is at his most curious employment. His meth-danger of contagion. I became quite interested in watching the ods and materials are so crude, his hours so long and the tasks so general effect of these and similar efforts upon the general health uninviting that an American farm laborer would be staggered of the command. I visit the hospitals near me very frequentlya could he but see these people as they work in driving rain or
FILIPINO VILLAGE OF BAMBOO HUTS, INTERIOR OF THE ISLAND OF LUZON.
generally once or twice a daya and I do not think sick soldiers of any army are so well cared for as ours.
We recently secured some bits of information concerning the pay of the insurgents, interesting especially to Americans, who always want to know a What
CATHOLIC CHURCH IN MALATE, LUZON ISLAND.
under burning sun. Not until the heavy rains are on is any move made to prepare the fields. With narrow one-handled plows the water-soaked plats are slowly broken up; then a harrow made of bamboo poles, with teeth of the same wood, is dragged many times over the now quaking bed, driver and caraboa sinking alike to the knees in the mud. The rain that every day brings shortly completes the work of preparation, and all is ready for the planting. For this task the entire family is enlisted. The children distribute the bundles of shoots brought 011 sleds from the thickly-sow^n bed near the house, and the women and older girls, with dresses tucked high and backs bent sharply, form in line and with wonderful skill separate the slips, one by one, from the bundles, thrusting them deep into the mud, and moving backward with an unbroken rank.