57A OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLfi.
DEMOLISHED FORTIFICATIONS AT SANGLEY, MANILA BAY.
A Spanish battery was located at this place when Dewey sailed into Manila Bay. but a single shot from one of his guns wrought the havoc that is
manifest in this photograph.
But the summit of the archipelago is the peak of San Mates, an extinct volcano of the Sierra de Caravallos, on the island of Luzon, or Lucon (with a pothook under the c), as the Spaniards generally write it. That apex of the Philippines is nearly the height of Mount Etna, and betrays its origin by the number of hot springs that burst from its gorges and the curious fumaroles, or smoke-emitting fissures near the ravine that seems to have been formed by the collapse of the crater. An eruption of a volcano of that height would be a wonderful sight, resembling a shower of fire from the clouds, and native traditions say that one did occur,
some twenty years before the arrival of the Spaniards, i. e., about the middle of the 16th century. In 1861, during a series of earth tremors, the summit of the peak became luminous with superheated vapor, and the settlers of Val de Canas expected to witness the long-predicted resumption of volcanic pyrotechnics, but before morning the strain wras relieved by the fierce eruption of Mount Saygan, in the coast range.
That coast peak, with its perpetual smoke crown, forms a natural beacon, and saves the government the expense of a lighthousea those vapors getting incandescent in five out of six nights.
And the peak, though said to be two thousand feet lower than Mount Mates, looks much higher, 011 account a of the fact that it rises almost straight from the seashore,
WAITING FOR THE FERRY AT CAVITE.
Our artist happened to be present one morning when a mixed crowd of natives and Americans were waiting for the ferry-boat at Cavite, and this interesting photograph is the result. The soldier near the a caraboaa cart manifests his homesickness and longing to see his own loved ones by fondling a Filipino child, on the theory, doubtless, that a anything is better than nothing.a