OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
native: a CARROMATA."
This vehicle is a small spring cart, usually drawn by a single wiry little pony, as represented in the photograph. The a carromataa is the universal family carriage of the Philippines.
small moulds to sell. They make vinegar out of portions of the cane by cutting it into small pieces and pouring boiling water on it; then it is-left to ferment. Some make wine from the cane juice, and also what they call a beno,a which is worse than a moonshinea whisky.
These people also make and use a great deal of candy, and they are very clever at making various kinds of sweetmeats, such as rice cakes, sugared fruits, etc.
Leaf tobacco is sold very cheap; the leaves are tied up into good-sized bunches, and sold for ten cents each. They also make a good many cigars, which are about seven inches long and smoke well when dry, but most of them are green. They tie the cigars up in bunches of twenty-five for ten cents. The soldiers buy the cigars and cut them up to smoke in their pipes.
The manufacture of cigars and cigarettes is an extensive and profitable business, and affords employment to large numbers of women and girls. The wages, which are still very low, have increased since the Americans came, in sympathy with prices generally. The factory workers dress a little better, and seem to enjoy better conditions in life, than the laboring classes.
These people furnish a very interesting study. They are extremely religious, and in all their houses you will find pictures and images of the saints, which, in the case of the wealthy or well-to-do, are frequently quite expensive and of such a character as to be classed among works of art. Sunday is given first to a devotion, and then to marketing and amusements.
Great crowds assemble every Sunday, and the parade grounds are covered with people having all the wares of the country for sale. This is the universal custom. Later in the afternoon, however, all thoughts of devotion and commerce are laid aside, and cock-fighting, the national sport, becomes the order of the day. All classes, ages and sexes attend these exhibitions, and apparently enjoy them with intense delight; though the gambling feature seems to be the chief attrac- These are light-draught boats built for
tion. Sunday, as it is known to us, does not exist in these islands. After the early morning services it is purely a holiday.
The people are generally disposed to be friendly, and in many of the country villages they lead an ideal life. Some of the interior towns are surrounded by broad stretches of level or rolling ground, covered with fields of cane, corn or tobacco, while in almost every yard grow bananas and various kinds of tropical fruits. Flowers are perennial, and you see them everywhere; but these people do not manifest that intense love for flowers which is so prominent a characteristic with the Hawaiians. The country houses are all very simply built of bamboo and thatch, as they are only needed for protection against the rain, and would be dangerous in time of earthquakes if constructed of heavy materials. The entire absence of bolts, bars and locks speaks w7ell for the honesty of the population, as well as for their hospitality. We are told that the traveler is welcome to enter any house, at any hour of the day or night, and help himself freely to the best that he can find, either in the way of food or bedding. Often the dwelling boasts of but one room for cooking, eating and sleeping. The cooking is done over an open fire built on a heap of earth in one corner.
a CASCOESa IN A CREEK, INTERIOR OF LUZON ISLAND.
the navigation of small streams. The one on the right is loaded with abaca, or Manila hemp.