OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
he ordered that the woman be taken to the hospital and be given every care. Later he visited the hospital and watched by her side while the surgeons dressed the shattered arm. And it was characteristic that still later he should order that rations be furnished the woman and her baby, even though regulations practically prohibited such action, saying, in reply to a protest made by one of his staff against the need of such issue, since the woman had a husband, a Never mind what the regulations say. If the account is disallowed, Ia ll pay it. The family must have food/ a
To which we add, that one such act of humanity is worth all the glory of war that has been achieved from the beginning of history to the present time, and this deed will be recorded of General Wheeler long after the world has forgotten that he was ever a soldier.
General Wheelera s letters are filled with information of the most interesting character about the people and the islands.
All of the towns, he writes, are laid out in the same manner. They call the square the a plaza,a and it is there they hold their meetings, feasts, etc. It makes a fine drill ground for our soldiers,
as it is always kept clean, and the grass is cut by the
with in the United States. There are some long ones that taste very much like muskmelons. All of the fruit and melons are very rich and spicy. The cocoanuts are very large and the trees are loaded with them. There is a large grove in the town, and the soldiers have a number of tame monkeys that they use to get the cocoanuts with. They climb the trees, and throw the nuts down as fast as they can pick them off.
There are a great many wild monkeys in the woods near the towns, and as soon as the sun sets they begin a frightful noise and chattering, which they keep up during most of the night. In this respect they are worse than our pet cats at home.
The people are very industrious. They work hard all day harvesting rice, and at night they pound it in large wooden troughs to remove the hull. They make a great amount of sugar, and raise large quantities of sweet potatoes, tomatoes, string beans, lettuce, radishes and different kinds of greens. There are also many extensive tobacco plantations, and ginger, coffee and other spices are raised in large quantities.
The process of manufacturing sugar is very crude. They have a cane press,
made of two large rollers of hardwood, about three feet long, set upright J alongside of Jj each other on a largeJB
natives. The country towns are very different in appearance from those we saw in Cuba. WL Here they are built
of very light a L materials, on
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CHARACTERISTIC STREET SCENE IN MANILA.
Showing groups of American soldiers and natives, and representing the class of houses and general appearance of the streets of the city.
earthquakes, and their thatched roofs and sides and peculiar shape make one think of the pictures of houses in Central Africa. Every town also has a large bell-tower. They have some very large bells in these towers, which can be heard for quite a distance. The insurgents used them for signaling when they had possession of the towns. The natives have cock-fights every Sunday. They come in from all directions with roosters under their arms and dressed in their best clothes, and the women seem to take as much interest in the fights as the men do.
The people are becoming more friendly toward us every day. They did not like us very well at first, but when they found why we came and that it wras for their own good, they began to treat us all right. The native farmers bring in all kinds of fresh vegetables, fruit and fish, which they sell very cheap. You can buy all the bananas you can eat for one cent, and they are fine, large ones, as yellow as gold. Then they have some that remain green on the outside when ripe. The fruit is dark and has a fine flavor, they are so rich that you cannot eat more than three or four at a time. They have various kinds of melons, but none that we are familiar
stone. The tops of the rollers are made like cogwheels, which turn together. There is a large pole fastened to them, to which a buffalo is tied, and he turns the press. The.cane is fed by one man, who places it between the rollers, and the juice runs down on the stone, which has a groove in it around the rollers; it then runs through a long, narrow trough into a large pot, placed over a furnace made in the ground.
The furnace is made like a cave, out of clay; all you can see of it is the smokehole and firehole. The large iron pot sets in the ground over a large hole, and in the front is a smaller one where a native stands and feeds the fire. It looks as though the pot was standing on the ground. After the juice is pressed out, the cane is laid in the sun to dry, after which it is used as fuel to burn in the furnaces. It makes a good heat and leaves no ashes, as they are so light that the draught draws them up through the smokehole.
The boiled juice tastes very well before it is ready for sugar. When boiled sufficiently, it is poured into large earthen jars and . stored in a sugarhouse to cure and harden. Some they pour into
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