OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
September 28th; several warm fights at Angeles, October 10th to 20th, in some of which the enemya s force numbered about 3,500 men; the advance on and capture of Bamban, November nth, and the occupation of Tarlac, November 13th, which ended all organized resistance to our arms in that part of Luzon north of Manila.
The fights of October nth and 16th were considerable affairs. The attack directly in our front was by General Concepcion, with the brigades of General Hizon and Colonel Queri; that on the right by General Akino, and on our left by General Mascardo.
Santa Rita is quite an old town and is very similar to the other cities or pueblos in Northern Luzon. The church and monastery face the public square. Their walls are very massive, some six or eight feet thick, and the buildings, taken all in all, imposing. The monastery had been vacated and the priest and city authorities kindly consented to its being occupied by two companies of our soldiers. They seemed to desire this, as it enabled us to give such perfect protection to the church.
While I do not think that it was necessary, we consented to have a sentinel remain in the church night and day, so as to prevent the possibility of anything connected with the altar being disturbed.
The priest and residents were in frequent communication with me, and our soldiers and the people were on the best of terms during my stay at that place.
I went with members of my staff to his church and showed all respect possible to their order of service. The music was very sweet, and this I found to be the case in all the other churches visited by me. At the time when I was present only the women partook of communion. They seemed very devout, and nothing in my whole tour in Luzon impressed me more favorably than the devotion of the women. They are devoted to their churches, their religion, their children, their parents and all their relatives. They are industrious in the extreme, and I never saw anything that could be said to approximate frivolity.
The womena that is, the ladies of the higher class in the cities, especially in Manilaa are very strict in their etiquette, and among the laboring population there was a general air of modesty which was quite noticeable. It is true they have customs which seem inconsistent with this, and their style of dress might be cited as not sustaining this view. The women of the higher class wear long dresses, but the laboring women wear short dresses, and one shoulder is almost always exposed, but this, being universal, excites no criticism. My association with the people was largely in the
OUT-DOOR RESTAURANT AT CAVITE.
The American soldier in the center of the picture seems to be making himself useful in a domestic way, and he appears also to have captured
the fancy of the little Filipinos.
I was informed, and no doubt my information was correct, that some of the leading men were in frequent communication with General Mascardo, who commanded a brigade at Porac, about seven miles distant. It would have been quite difficult to have proved this against them, and I think that their reason for keeping up this communication was to shield themselves from punishment in case our troops withdrew. I think that they were at heart friendly to the Americans and preferred their occupation, but if their sympathy with us had been suspected and their sympathy with the insurgents had been questioned, they would have been in great danger had the insurgents regained control.
My investigation led me to conclude that the prevailing sentiment, the great desire of the people, was for the restoration of peace, so that they could quietly pursue their vocations; and I am quite convinced that when they learn that such will be the case under American rule, they will be perfectly satisfied with our control of the islands. The priest and some of the members of his family were very agreeable and intelligent gentlemen.
cities and country of the broad, rich valley extending 125 miles north of Manila. With regard to the women in this locality, I can say with confidence that the general impression made upon our soldiers and officers was very favorable.
At Santa Rita our sentinels were stationed on the main road entering the town, but this did not prevent ingress and egress by the people, and I had very good evidence that disguised insurgent soldiers passed in and out of the towm
The attacks of the enemy were always at night, and sometimes during the afternoon or evening preceding their attacks we would find the people preparing for safety by digging trenches and by putting up little defenses in their yards, and in some cases where the ground floor was of earth, the trenches were dug inside the dwelling. I assumed that these people had received notification of the proposed attack from friends in the insurgent camp.
At Santa Rita and Guagua these preparations were sometimes made without being followed by a night attack. On these occasions I presume they had been informed of the proposed attack,