OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
soon as I was free to do so, on July 12th, we were married by Chaplain Schlemann of the 20th Kansas.
a Our home is on the corner of Malacanan and San Rafael Streets, the shadiest and prettiest part of the city. I wish you could see it. Not that it is anything grand, but it is so comfortable and so quaint. Our house stands up on pillars five feet from the ground. It is surrounded on three sides by immense shade trees and a row of palms fully thirty feet high, with a fringe of slender, graceful bamboo behind. We have bananas and pepper trees and flowering shrubs, which, though common here, would be priceless in the States. The floor is of narrow bamboo strips, polished, and fastened down one-quarter inch apart with little brass-headed nails. This affords ample ventilation, and, together with the very steep roof, makes it cool. The windows are curtained with Japanese stuff. They are so wide they take up almost the whole side of the house. The rooms are ceiled and lined with decorated Japanese matting. The quaint furniture, beautiful decorations, curios and bric-a-brac from India, China and Japan, cost us much time in hunting, but
thinker. But the man I am most interested in is the principal of the schools, from whom I am taking lessons in Spanish. I go down at three oa clock, and business begins. I teach him English and he teaches me Spanish. At five oa clock we have a lunch of cakes and cigarettes and then resume our studies. I am becoming fairly proficient in Spanish, which is likely to be of great value to me. It has already brought me a standing offer of a good position in the schools of Manila.,,
And yet there are people so hard to please that they will persist in declaring that our boys are having a hard time in the Philippines ; but perhaps all do not cast their lines in such pleasant places as the one whose delightful campaigning is described above.
What has been said in this article regarding the Tagalogs will apply in a general way also to the Visayans, with whom they are closely allied in speech, appearance and customs. The Visayans occupy principally the islands of Panay, Guimaras, Negros, Cebu, Bohol, Samar and Leyte. They are represented as being less cheerful and hospitable than the Tagalogs, and more ostentatious
FISH MARKET AT CAVITE.
such a very little bit of money you could scarcely believe it if you saw them and I told you the sum.
a We are now stationed at Bacolor, a town about sixty miles from Manila, right in the edge of the foothills. I like the town as well as any place outside of Manila I can get a pass to go home about once a month, except when we are fighting. There are in this town many wealthy people, who were glad to see us come. Many in the States doubtless believe this country a wilderness and the people savages. I would like to take them into some houses here and see them stare. There is one gentleman here who formerly practiced in the Manila courts. While you might not expect him to be quite a savage, you would scarcely look for a fine Greek scholar in the jungles of Luzon, yet here is surely one. There is another family of musicians here. They have a very fine place and I have spent some evenings there, listening to the piano, violin, mandolin, harp and singing, as pleasant as I ever passed in my life.
a Senor Joven is a scientist quite up in modern electrical research. His house is lighted by an electric plant of his own manufacture. He w^s educate^ in Hong-Kong and Japan, and is a free-
and aggressive, though our commanders have not found the latter to be true in their dealings with them. The only serious opposition they have made to the Americans was at Iloilo, and that was soon disposed of. They have had far less intercourse with the civilized world than the Tagalogs, and are consequently not so well advanced. But they are Christians (Catholics) in their faith, and are classed as one of the civilized tribes.
Iloilo, located on the southeastern coast of the island of Panay, is the second city of the archipelago, and the capital of the territory of the Visayans. Previous to the coming of the Americans the place had been falling into decay, to such an extent that the once handsome public square had degenerated into a common goat pasture. But Iloilo has improved rapidly since it became the headquarters of the southern branch of the American army, and its future advancement will probably be in proportion to that of Manila.
The Visayans have many curious customs, and some of those relating to their domestic affairs are very beautiful. The following, told by Prof. Worcester, might be adopted with advantage by all civilized nations;