OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
Cups of the beverage are handed around and all a taste.a If it is not sweet enough, the manufacturer throws more sugar on his board and drops in another pinch of vanilla and cinnamon for the flavoring. When it is a right,a he goes to work and for several hours rubs away at his task. The deposit below the rolling pin is a brown substance that is soft and moist, while above it is to all appearances a dry powder and sugar. The little ones gather about, and if there is an older daughter, perhaps she sits down on the floor in front of the Chinaman and wratches the growing pile.
a Such was the case in the house of a Spaniard to-day, when I called. The young lady sat there and idly watched the manufacture of the edible, and when a little brother came, she took his head in her lap and he lay there with her, watching the brownskinned Chinaman rub and rub the sugar into the other ingredients. It was insisted that I should sample the finished article, and I found it very good.
a The chocolate before it is chocolate is cacao bean, and the cacao bean is a speculative crop at best. First, it takes four years
cinnamon, and moulded into cakes, wrapped in tinfoil and pretty blue paper and sold. But the picturesque way is to rub it with sugar and vanilla and cinnamon, and make onea s chocolate under onea s own roof and before onea s own eyes.a
The same correspondent describes an industry which he says most of the books have omitted, and incidentally throws light on the good nature and happy-go-lucky disposition of the natives: a There is one industry which most of the books on the Philippines have omitted, and that is stage driving One horse, having a wreck of a harness, writh rope lines, pulls a two-wheeled cart used to carry passengers. It only costs three centavosa that is, three cents in Mexican moneya for a ride from Pasig into the very heart of Manila. These vehicles come in from every direction in the morning, and at night they go back again.
a Early in the day they bring in market-women and men, with their flat baskets of fruits, vegetables and fish. Sometimes one of the patrons carries a load of suckling pigs, and the freight protests in loud squeals all the way to market. One wagon that
ON the: firing line:.
This photograph shows the attitudes and appearance of the men on the firing line, with officers occupying a dangerous position at the rear of the ranks. The view was taken as a a snap-shot,a and consequently is not so clear as it would otherwise have been.
to raise a crop. The plants grow only ten feet in height. They are subject to insect attacks, and when the fruit is nearly ripe and ready to pick, a windstorm may come along and break it from the tree. As long ago as the seventeenth century the work of raising cacao began in the Philippines. Then priests brought the bean here from Mexico. In Mexico, the tree grows twenty-five or thirty feet tall, and the crop is not always an uncertain quantity. Here, however, only those planters who can afford to lose a crop oftener than they harvest one, raise the cacao bean.
a The fourth year the fruit comes, and when ripe it is filled with seeds that are not unlike almonds in shape, growing in a pulp, like the seeds of a watermelon. These seeds are separated from the pulp by hand and dried in the sun; then the shell is taken off and the bean is further dried, after which it is ground into powder and the oil extracted.
a Then it is shipped to Spain or anywhere that there is a market, or it is sold in the markets in Manila. There is a mill in this city where the chocolate is ground and seasoned with vanilla and
comes down Calle Real has loose spokes and the wheel is reinforced in a native way by bamboos bent around the hub to the felloes. It has been a question as to how long the wheel will last, but the vehicle always has plenty of passengers.
a The equipages are open to the sun and rain, but if the woman passenger has her umbrella, she cares little what comes. Passengers of both sexes smoke cigars and cigarettes and sit independently erect. If the stage is crowded it does not stop, and when it does, as like as not the horse balks and backs into the curb or fence, and the driver is compelled to alight and lead his animal for some distance until the little beast makes up his mind to go. Sometimes there is a collision between two passenger carts, and all go down in a heap, laughing, among the vegetables or other market stores.a
In many respects Manila presents the peculiarities of a metropolitan city, while in others it is singularly provincial. One section is given up almost wholly to the Chinese, and here you see their curious stores and queer signs, just as you would on the