OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
The photograph represents the breaking of an improvised harness, attached to a rapid-fire Colt gun, at a critical moment.
patio is used as a parlor, or reception room, and here, on state occasions, the Senora will meet you, arrayed in all the glory of pina cloth and embroidery.
The bedrooms connect with the hall, and are just large enough to accommodate a single narrow bedstead composed of a framework of bamboo, with strips of the same material extending lengthwise and fastened with nails or bejuco rope. On top of this framework a mat of woven straw is laid, and this constitutes the bed of the well-to-do classes. None of the beds have sheets or covers, as these are not required; but they are usually provided with mosquito bars. The children sleep naked, just as they go during the day, but the elders generally wear pajamas or night-robes. At the hotels the beds are furnished with sheets and coverlets, but these are rarely seen in private houses. Most of the hotel beds, and some also in the private residences, are provided with what is known as a a Dutch wife,a which is merely a hard,
special dishes of sweetmeats are prepared for them. One of these consists of sweetened rice flour made up into a paste and boiled in strips of bamboo. It is served hot to the little ones, and resembles macaroni in appearance and flavor, though it is much sweeter.
The children occupy a large share of attention, and they are invariably treated with affectionate tenderness. Mothers who are so fortunately situated as not to be required to assist their husbands in making a living, devote nearly all their time to their children. This is true even of most of the wild tribes, and it is especially so among the Tagalogs and Visayans. Mr. Carpenter, writing from the country of the latter, pictures this pleasant domestic scene:
a The houses are much like the country houses in Luzon. They are thatched huts built high up on posts, with a place under each hut for the chickens and pig, and also for the farming tools, if the owner is so fortunate as to possess any. Most of the
top, producing a dense shade and protecting the garden from the noonday sun. This garden has the peculiar odor of an American hothouse, but is free from the oppressive atmosphere of such places. As a rule, you will find the mastera s favorite game-cock tied by one leg in this enclosure, for he is one of the family and receives fully as much attention as the children.
A narrow hallway opens out of the patio into the living-rooms, with small sleeping apartments on either side. The family living and dining-room, and kitchen as well, for they are usually all in one, will generally be found at the end of the hall. It is a small room with brick floor, the walls and ceiling lined with boards, which are blackened with the smoke of the little charcoal stove on which cooking is done, for there is no flue or chimney, and the smoke finds its way out through the openings that have been left for windows. The room is furnished only with two or three plain chairs and a lounge or rattan bench, with a stationary table along one side, on which the family eat their meals. This table is made of bamboo strips, with spaces between them wide enough to let the crumbs fall through, and the chickens gather under it and dine with the family. In this uncomfortable room the mother and children spend most of their time, the little ones usually clothed only in naturea s garb and the mother wearing a single
round pillow, long enough to extend across the bed, and is placed under the knees so as to afford a passage for the air. Persons not familiar with this contrivance usually throw it on the floor, but they soon learn its utility, and thereafter become as much attached to the a Dutch wifea as any of the natives.
The cooking stove is merely a ledge of brick, built along the side of the wall, with circular holes in the top for the pots and stew-pans. The fuel is either charcoal or small sticks, inserted in the space under the vessels, the smoke taking care of itself. A favorite dish is a stew of pork and vegetables, cooked together in one vessel, and you will find this in nearly every Filipino house. Another familiar dish consists of beans and fish cooked together and mashed like potatoes. About the only cooking vessels to be found, even in the best-furnished kitchens, are a few clay bowls, a gridiron, two or three pots or stew-pans, and a similar number of cocoanut ladles. The children are greatly petted, though rarely spoiled, and many