OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
among the majority of the population. Therefore, in that year, a list of Spanish surnames was sent to each parish priest, and every native family had to adopt a separate appellation, which has ever since been perpetuated. Hence one meets natives bearing illustrious names, such as Juan Salcedo, Juan de Austria, Rianzares, Ramon de Cabrera, Pio Nono Lopez, and a great many Legaspis.
a When a wedding among the natives was determined upon, the. betrothed went to the priesta not necessarily togethera kissed his hand, and informed him of their intention. There was a tariff of marriage fees, but the priest usually set this aside, and fixed his charges according to the resources of the parties. This abuse of power could hardly be resisted, as the natives have an intense aversion to being married elsewhere than in the village of the bride. The priest, too (not the bride), usually had the privilege of a naming the day/ The fees demanded were sometimes enormous, the common result being that many couples merely cohabited under mutual vows, because they could not pay the wedding expenses.
indifference, to the paternal abode. This was the custom under the Spaniards; the revolution decreed civil marriages.
a Then the feast called the catapusan begins. To this the vicar and head men of the villages, the immediate friends and relatives of the allied families, and any Europeans who may happen to be resident or sojourning, are invited. The table is spread a la Russe, with all the good things procurable served at the same timea sweetmeats predominating. Imported beer, Dutch gin, chocolate, etc., are also in abundance. After the repast, both men and women are constantly being offered betel nut to masticate, or cigars and cigarettes.
a Meanwhile the company is entertained by native dancers. Two at a timea a young man and womana stand vis-a-vis and alternately sing a love ditty, the burden of the theme usually opening by the regret of the young man that his amorous overtures have been disregarded. Explanations follow, in the poetic dialogue, as the parties dance around each other, keeping a slow step to the
AN INTERESTING GROUP.
This group of officers is composed of Colonel Kessler, Major Fitzhugh and Lieutenant Knowlton, of the American army, and V. Tokizama, Japanese
military attache in the Philippines.
a In the evening, prior to the marriage, the couple had, of course, to confess and obtain absolution from the priest.
a Mass having been said, those who were spiritually prepared presented themselves for communion in the sacrifice of the Eucharist de sanguine et corpore Domini. Then an acolyte placed over the shoulders of the bridal pair a thick mantle, or pall. The priest recited a short formula of about five minutesa duration, put his interrogations, received the muttered responses, and all was over. To the espoused, as they left the church, was tendered a bowl of coin; the bridegroom passed a handful of the contents to the bride, who accepted it and returned it to the bowl. This act was symbolical of his giving to her his worldly possessions. Then they left the church with their friends, preserving that solemn, stoical countenance common to all Malay natives. There was no visible sign of emotion as they all walked off, with the most matter-of-fact
plaintive strains of music. This is called the balitao. It is most popular in the Visayas.
a Another dance is performed by a young woman alone. If well'executed, it is extremely graceful. The girl begins singing a few words in an ordinary tone, when her voice gradually drops to the diminuendo, whilst her slow gesticulations and the declining vigor of the music together express her forlornness. Then a ray of joy seems momentarily to lighten her mental anguish; the spirited crescendo notes gently return; the tone of the melody swells; her step and action energetically quickena until she lapses again into resigned sorrow, and so on, alternately. Coy in repulse, and languid in surrender, the danseuse in the end forsakes her sentiment of melancholy for elated passion.
a The native dances are numerous. Another of the most typical is that of a girl writhing and dancing a pas seul, with a glass