758 OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
in vain prohibited this barbarous, ancient custom, and there was a modern Spanish law which permitted the intended bride to be a deposited 9 away from parental custody, while the parents were called upon to show cause why the union should not take place. However, it often happens, that when Cupid has already shot his arrow into the virginal breast, and the betrothed foresee a determined opposition to their mutual hopes, they anticipate the privilege of matrimony, and compel the bridea s parents to countenance their legitimate aspirations to save the honor of the family. Honi soit qui mat y pensea they simply force the hand of a dictatorial mother-in-law. The women are mercenary in the extreme, and if, on the part of the girl and her people, there be a hitch, it is generally on the question of dollars, when both parties are native. Of course, if the suitor be European, no such question is raiseda the ambition of the family and the vanity of the girl being both satisfied by the alliance itself.
a When the proposed espousals are accepted, the donations propter nuptias are paid by the father of the bridegroom to defray the wedding expenses, and often a dowery settlement, called in Tagalog dialect bigay cay a, is made in favor of the bride. Very rarely the bridea s property is settled on the husband. I never heard of such a case. The Spanish laws relating to married personsa property are quaint. If the husband be poor, and the wife well off, so they may remain, notwithstanding the marriage. He, as a rule, becomes a simple administrator of her possessions, and, if honest, often depends on her liberality to supply his own necessities. If he happens to become bankrupt in a business in which he employed also her capital or possessions, she ranks as a creditor of the second class under the a Commercial Code.a If she dies, the poor husband, under no circumstances, by legal right (unless under a deed signed before a notary), derives any benefit from
RECEIVING AND SENDING MESSAGES ON THE BATTLEFIELD.
This photograph represents a field telegraph station near the firing line at Pasig, with Corporal Ten Eyck in command.
the fact of having espoused a rich wifea her property passes to their legitimate issue, or, in default thereof, to her nearest blood relation. The children might be rich, and, but for their generosity, their father might be destitute, whilst the law compels him to render a strict account to them of the administration of their property during their minority.
a A married woman often signs her maiden name, sometimes adding
a de-a (her husbanda s surname).
a If she survives him, she again takes up her nomen ante nuptias
among her old circle of friends, and only adds a widow of-/ to
show who she is to the public (if she be in trade), or to those who have only known her as a married woman.
a The offspring use the surnames of both father and mother, the latter coming after the former, hence it is the more prominent. Frequently, in documents requiring the mention of a persona s father and mother, the maiden surname of the latter is revived.
a Up to the year 1844, only a minority of the Christian natives had distinctive family names. They were, before that date, known by certain harsh ejaculations, and classification of families was uncared for
GROUP OF AMERICAN OFFICERS AT SAN ROQUE.
Correspondents frequently refer to native villages as having the appearance of a bunch of hay-stacks, and these houses certainly give one that impression.