OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
past generations in his lineage, and the lowest class do not know their own ages. Families are very united, and claims for help and protection are admitted, however distant the relationship may be. Sometimes the connection of a 'hanger ona with his hosta s family will be so remote and doubtful, that he can only be recognized as a un poco pariente nada masa (a sort of kinsman). But the house is open to all.
a The native is a good father and a good husband, unreasonably jealous of his wife, careless of the honor of his daughter, and will take no heed of the indiscretions of his spouse committed before marriage.
a Cases have been known of natives having fled from their burning huts, taking care to save their fighting-cocks, but leaving their wives and children to look after themselves.
a In February, 1885, I was present in the town hall of Mari-quina, a village six miles from Manila, when the petty governor was hearing a remarkable case of callousness. A native had handed over the corpse of his late wife to his brother-in-law for interment,
his first explanation to be quite false. One who knows the native character, so far as its mysteries are penetrable, would never attempt to get at the truth of a question by a direct inquirya he would a beat about the busha and extract the truth bit by bit. Nor do the natives, rich or poor, of any class in life, and with very few exceptions in the whole population, appear to regard lying as a sin, but rather as a legitimate, though cunning, convenience, wrhich should be resorted to wdienever it will serve a purpose. It is my frank opinion that they do not, in their consciences, hold lying to be a fault in any degree. If the liar be discovered and faced, he rarely appears disconcerteda his countenance rather denotes surprise at the discovery or disappointment at his being foiled in the object for which he lied. As this is one of the most remarkable characteristics of the natives of both sexes in all spheres of life, I have repeatedly discussed it with the priests, several of whom have assured me that the habit prevails even in the confessional.
a The domesticated Tagalog natives of the North have made greater progress in civilization and good manners than the Visayas
SOLDIERING IN THE PHILIPPINES.
This photograph is a good representation of the manner in which the floors of the native houses are constructed. Judging by the abundance of pineapples and the fat rooster near at hand, the soldier boys are not suffering from hunger, and the playful monkeys solace them, in some degree, for the loss of their home pets.
and refused to pay any of the expenses. During the investigation, the husband put forward the fantastic plea that his consort had been useful to him in life, but now she was no longer of any service, and he did not think he ought to be compelled to incur any expense over a dead body. He was condemned to pay the costs of the burial, but alleging that he had no money, he had to go to work in the village, husking rice, until the sum was raised. I made him an offer on the spot to buy off his debt, he to pay me by receiving lashes in the town hall at the rate of three cents a stroke, but he would not accept the bargain.
a If a question be suddenly put to a native, he apparently loses his presence of mind, and gives a reply most convenient to himself, to save himself from trouble, punishment or reproach. It is a matter of perfect indifference to him whether the reply be true or not. Then, as the investigation proceeds, he will amend one statement after another, until, finally, he has practically admitted
of the South. It is, perhaps, in a measure due to the proximity of the capital, whence Western influence and comely breeding are more easily spread, but not altogether so. Invariably an European wayfarer who takes asylum in the town hall of a Tagalog villagea which at the same time serves as a casual warda is invited by one or the other of the principal residents or head men to lodge at his house. If he stayed there several days, no charge would be made for this accommodation, and to offer payment would give offense. A present of some European article might be made, but it is not at all looked for. Your Tagalog host lends you horses or vehicles to go about the neighborhood, takes you around to the houses of his friends, accompanies you to any feast which may be celebrated at the time of your visit, and lends you his sporting gun, if he has one.
a The whole time he treats you with the deference due to the superiority which he recognizes. He is remarkably inquisitive,