OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
drive or engage in other recreations. Dinner comes at eight, and it is an elaborate meal, consisting of meats, fruits and delicacies of various kinds. After dinner they amuse themselves with music, dancing and other diversions until about eleven oa clock, when all the family seek their mats and retire for the night. This mode of life of course applies only to those who are able to afford it. The working people live hard and endure many privations, though, on account of the climate, they do not suffer as the poor do with us. The wages of girls and women who work in the tobacco and cigarette factories average about fifteen cents per day, but this enables them to live with more comfort than five times that amount would in the States. Their fashions do not change, and their clothing is so simple and inexpensive as to hardly enter into an estimate of the cost of living; while a little sweetened rice at morning and night, and a centa s worth of bananas for lunch, satisfy their hunger and leave them enough pocket change to insure a royal time betting on the succeeding Sundaya s cock-fight, in which they always take a lively interest. And what more could one desire?
and it is said that for two cents a sumptuous meal can be obtained at one of these institutions. They are very primitive in appearance, and confine their supplies to rice, a little meat, and native fruits and drinks. Most of them also sell candies and sweetmeats.
One of the most picturesque sights on the streets of Manila are the native water-girls, dressed in a thin, white upper garment extending from the shoulders to the waist, where it is met by a colored or plaid scarf wound round the waist and reaching nearly to the-feet, the latter being either bare or encased in the usual wood-soled slippers. The water is carried in rude jars, balanced on their heads, which gives them a decidedly Oriental appearance. These girls also sell milk and cocoa, or native drinks, which they carry in the same manner. The liquid, of course, gets the benefit of the broiling sun, and is warm and unsatisfying to an American, who usually prefers to delight his stomach with ice-cold preparations.
An American soldier, who seems to have fallen in love with a pretty Filipina, thus describes her countrywomen:
a They are gentle, loving little creatures, willing and anxious
AMERICAN BATTERY READY FOR ACTION NEAR CALOOCAN.
Their natural love of music makes all classes liberal patrons of the opera. Whenever an attraction of this kind comes to Manila they contrive, somehow, to raise the required price of admission, and the theaters are filled with sweltering tiers of ecstatic humanity. Foreign celebrities sometimes visit the city, when the audiences are most enthusiastic, and whole scenes will be encored. In the theater everybody smokes, from the well-bred ladies and gentlemen in full dress to the half-naked gods and goddesses in the gallery lofta for the accommodations are arranged to suit the financial capacity of all classes. Between the acts pretty Mestizo flower girls pass through the audience, selling their exotic wares, and they will throw in a kiss without taking offense, if properly approached. A theater-night in Manila is an occasion of unrestrained gaiety, and the fun-loving Filipinos rarely miss an opportunity to attend a show.
On the streets, in all the principal cities and towns, there are numerous out-door restaurants, several of which are photographed in this work. They furnish a quick lunches,, and native drinks for the employes of the tobacco factories and others who desire them,
to be loved. Not demonstrative, they show their moods, their love, hate, pleasure or anger by the expression of their usually beautiful eyes. She is usually very pretty, with a graceful, supple figure. Her eyes are large and shaded by long, dark lashes; her hair is black in color, long and glossy, and it is her chief pride. She gives it a great deal of care and attention, frequently anointing it with oil, which probably gives it the peculiar gloss. The young girl usually wears her hair hanging loosely down her back, but the older women build it up in a fanciful knot, often adorned with flowers. Next to her hair, she prides herself on her feet. She does not, except upon dress occasions, wear stockings, but encases them in elaborately embroidered slippers without heels, many of the richer having their slippers embroidered with gold and silver threads and pearls. Very few of the women in the islands are well educated. Some, however, have been taught in convents, but their number is very small. She is very fond of music, and is generally able to play on both the harp and guitar; many on the piano. The guitar is very popular and might be called the national instrument. For the purpose of assisting her in playing she allows the thumb