OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
stop to highway robbery; was severe without noise, regarding the government employes, who were not very loyal; he reorganized the pious institutions, established the Monte de Piedad (pawnshop) and savings bank, greatly improved the state of the treasury, worked in favor of the superior education, and inaugurated the water works for the supply of Manila, thus concluding the pious work of the noted Carriedo.
After Moriones, the governors of these islands were: The Marquese de Estella, who organized a great military expedition for the Igorrote territory, located in the central mountain range of Luzon, and during his time the cable to Europe was inaugurated, and the first street car line established; Capt. Gen. of the Army D. Joaquin Jovellar suppressed a suspicious movement in the towns of Pangasinan, on the border of New Ecija; Gen. Terrero, personally took part in the expedition to the Rio Grande de Mindanao against the datto Utto, having established there important military stations, and during his administration the Caro-
This country was peacefully advancing toward progress and prosperity, when in August, 1896, due to active and vast work of the secret societies, the rebellion broke out, whose ridiculous intentions of taking possession of the capital of the islands were checked by a few soldiers, which were the only troops defending the city at that time. This rebellion has greatly upset the central districts of Luzon, and has converted the province of Cavite in the focus of the fanaticized multitudes, who have filled with shame and mourning the hearts of the immense majority of the Philippine inhabitants, who are always so loving to Spain and so grateful to the nation, that, through the lights of Christianity and civilization, has set them at the height of the most advanced and happiest people of Australasia.
It is not opportune to mention, even at large, the various events that demonstrate the most perfidious treason, from the hour of the cry of rebellion on the 25th day of August, 1896; nor could we enumerate the events with due calmness, our spirits
FRUIT MARKET AT CAVITE.
This photograph represents the native fruits, melons, etc., usually found in the markets of the various cities and towns. The stands are generally keot
by women and girls, all of whom smoke cigars or cigarettes.
line conflict occurred, which was promptly ended by the arbitration of Leo XIII.; Gen. Weyler went through all the provinces of the archipelago, improving various lines of public administration; he inspired the Mindanao campaign, obtaining results for our dominion, as well as in the Eastern Carolinas against the Kanakas, who were in rebellion; Gen. Despujol, who, in his short period, improved the Chinese administration, made efforts to favor the native population; and Gen D. Ramon Blanco y Erenas, Marquese of Pena Plata, who inaugurated the Regional Philippine Exposition; with preference he worked on establishing the new municipal organization, concreted by the government, and on proceeding actively in the heroic campaign of Mindanao, where he obtained some victories, as in Marhuita for which he was made captain-general of the armya and which was the beginning of our effective dominion in the larger part of the territory that surrounds the remarkable lagune of Lanao, to-day promoted to the rank of a military political district, under the government of a brigadier-general.
being yet upset, provoked by the most rigorous censures, and being at times the results of the worst disconsolation and sometimes of the best hopes. We will only say that the numerous groups of rebels that infested the territory of Bulacan, Manila, Morong, Bataan, Laguna and Batangas, being constantly repulsed by our troops, were driven from their positions, this brilliant victory being partly due to the powerful aids sent from the metropolis to the efficacious help of the volunteers, and to the efforts of all the loyal men directed by such expert and able generals as Polavieja de Rivera.
We will not end without stating that the railway of Manila to Dagupan, opened during the short administration of Gen. Despujol, and another in project, open new horizons to the islands; that the telegraph wires join many of the provinces, and the cable joins the Island of Luzon with the Visayas, inaugurated the 6th of November, 1897, the steamship lines that reach all towns on the rivers and seas, the ports that are being equipped, the industries that are