OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
Arolas for some political offense, ordered him herea to die. Arolas, however, refused to die, and instead proceeded to make his place of exile as agreeable and healthful as possible. The wars which were incessantly waged against the Moors furnished him with numerous prisoners, and with their assistance he raised the level of the town out of the swamp, laid out wide streets and beautiful little parks, planted avenues of trees, and surrounded the whole of his little domain with a high wall, sufficiently strong to keep , out the savage natives. There is a good anchorage in front of the place, protected by an island, and a fine stone pier reaches out into the bay from the eastern gate. The architectural features of the town are of a distinctly Spanish type, though many of the houses have Moorish balconies overhanging the streets, which in this remote place breathe eloquently of the culture and art of the old Moors of Spain.
a There are few native Moors living in the city proper; the Chinese and Hindoos constitute the greater part of the population and they conduct all the business of the town. The Filipinos who live here are not very energetic or progressive, but they are superior to the Cubans in every respect.
The Malay village of Bus-Bus is lo-
paid only to the highest officers in the States. He was then escorted into the city and given the seat of honor in a reviewing stand erected for his benefit. His Majesty then reviewed the troops, but seemed to be bored immensely, as he did nothing but chew betel nuts and make fans during the performance. After this he was taken on board the transport a Warren/ where he was received by a salute of seventeen guns. If he had been the President of the United States or the ruler of some mighty nation he could not have been treated with greater deference and respect.
a The Sultan would not take a prize in a beauty contest. His body, which is short and fat, was clothed in a suit of light brown cloth, cut in European style; he wore French boots, white shirt and collar; his head was covered with a purple velvet turban, and a kind of apron made of brown silk hung from beneath his waistcoat half way to his knees. His eyes are small, oscillating and snakelike; his lips thick and sensuous, and a sullen, tyrannical expression pervades his whole countenance. I saw him grin once or twice while being introduced to some American ladies on the a Warren/ and the grin disclosed a row of hideous, blackened, con-
cave fangs. (I must say here that the custom of filing the teeth in front until their sur-
VIKW OF THE VOLCANO OF ALBAY, FROM THE VILLAGE AT ITS BASE-
Next to Mauna Loa, on the island of Hawaii, this is perhaps the greatest active volcano in the world. Foreman describes one of its eruptions in which immense columns of red-hot sand of an amazing height were raised and thrown out of its crater, and stood like vast pillars until they gradually sank down und-.r the action of the atmosphere and the rain.
cated within a short distance of the walls, and is inhabited wholly by native Mohammedans; they are all a true believers/ and are interesting chiefly on account of their ignorance of civilization and their orthodox religious practices. The rich are the lords of everything, owning all the female slaves and having as many wives as the Koran allows them; the poor people are abject slaves, owning nothing, and being subject to the supreme will of the Sultan. Whether or not his power is to be curtailed by our Government, I am unable to say; but I am certain that at the present time his authority is unquestioned outside our walls. This high and mighty animal honored the city with his presence on the 16th. He lives in a village on the other side of the island, about twelve miles from here. He came accompanied by his favorite henchmen and a numerous bodyguard armed with barongs (the tremendous native knife) and spears; a few carried guns of antiquated pattern. The entire regiment stationed here (23d United States Infantry) was lined up outside the southern gate, and as he walked down the line with the commanding officer, the men stood at a present arms/ an honor
faces become concave is universal, as the chewing of the betel nut is also.)
a Zamboanga, on the island of Mindanao, is important on account of its being the headquarters of the military governor of the Department of Mindanao and Jolo. The town is interesting chiefly on account of its ancient castle of San Fabian, one of the finest specimens of medieval engineering I have seen in the Philippines. The city was a place of great commercial importance some years ago, and contained a population of 21,000 souls. The Spaniards sacked the city before they abandoned it, and subsequently it was ransacked by the Moors and Malay pirates, so that at the present time there are only a few people left and still fewer houses. Excepting the barracks and the ruined castle, there is little else remaining, and one could hardly imagine a more God-forsaken spot in which to live.a
The custom of grinding the front teeth until they are concave is universal, as stated by Dr. McCord. The grinding is done by means of a round stone or rat-tail file, and the teeth are cut until
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