?i8 OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
adornments of trinkets, and is quite elegant. They are robust, of medium height, often of superb physical development, of a dusky bronze color, piercing eyes, low forehead, lank hair, which is dressed as a chignon and hanging down the back of the neck. The body is agile, the whole movement is rapid, and they have a wonderful power of holding the breath under water. They are of quick perception, audacious, extremely sober, ready to promise everything and do nothing, vindictive and highly suspicious of a strangera s intentions. They are very long-suffering in adversity, hesitating in attack, and the bravest of the brave in defense. They disdain work as degrading $nd only a fit occupation for slaves, whilst warfare is, to their minds, an honorable calling. Every male over sixteen years of age has to carry at least one fighting weapon at all times and consider himself enrolled in military service.
They have a certain knowledge of the arts. They manufacture on the anvil very fine kris-daggers, knives, lance-heads, etc. Many of their fighting weapons are inlaid with silver and set in polished hardwood or ivory handles artistically carved.
Their genius for many centuries has been devoted exclusively to affairs of war, and whatever advancement they have shown has been in that direction. Hence it is not surprising that we should see a certain degree of perfection in the manufacture of their arms. But these, on the other hand, are of the patterns that prevailed during the middle ages, improved in shape and the tempering of the steel until they are equal, if not superior, in these respects, to any of the weapons that were carried by the knights of the so-called heroic era.
In warfare they carry shields, and their usual arms on land are the campilan, a kind of short, two-handled sword, wide at the tip and narrowing down to the hilt; the barong for close combat; the straight kris for thrusting, and cutting, and the waved, serpent-like kris for thrusting only. They are dexterous in the use of arms and can most skillfully decapitate a foe at a single stroke. At sea they use a sort of assegai, called bagsacay or simbilin, about half an inch in diameter, with a sharp point. Some can throw as many as four at a time, and make them spread in the flight; they use these for boarding vessels. They make many of their own domestic utensils of metal, also coats of mail of metal wire and buffalo horn, which resist hand weapons, but not bullets.
The Sultana s residence is at Maybun, across the island from Jolo, and within the limits of the capital everything is almost as characteristically Arabic as one would expect to find it in Arabiaa s chief city. You do not see the prancing steed, nor the pictur-
TYPES OF SPANISH SOLDIERS IN THE SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES.
The Spanish Army in the Philippines was composed largely of young men, many of them mere boys, who had been drafted into the service. They were glad of the opportunity to return home, as the Philippine service was not to their liking.
PAPUANS OF THE SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES.
Showing peculiar masks, shields and head-dresses worn by some of these people, customs which have been borrowed also by some of the wilder tribes of the Moros.
esque white-mantled Bedouin, but in nearly all other respects you would imagine yourself in the heart of Arabia.
A visit of state to the Sultan is thus described by Foreman: a On our arrival at Maybun, we went first to the bungalow of a Chinamana the Sultana s brother-in-lawa where we refreshed ourselves with our own provisions, and learned the gossip of the place. On inquiry, we were told that the Sultan was sleeping, so we waited at the Chinamana s. I understood this man was a trader, but there were no visible signs of his doing any business. Most
of our party slept the siesta, and at about four oa clock we called at the Palace. It was a very large building, well constructed, and appeared to be built almost entirely of materials of the country. A great deal of bamboo and woodwereused in it, and even the roof was made of split bamboo, although I am told that this was replaced by sheet iron when the present Sultan came to the throne. All around was very pleasantly