OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
which may be rendered in English as a run-a-mucksa a and the practice which characterized them was the facing of certain death in order to kill one or more Christians.
a No doubt our sentries were more than usually alert for a day or so, but nothing occurred. I have found in a Spanish volume which treats of the island of Jolo, the following description of these fanatics, who are by no means a myth. The authority states that the Juramentado is generally one who has contracted debts, and whose family has been sold into slavery. I translate a paragraph literally:
a a He can sometimes buy the liberty of his family, at the price of his own life, for the largest number of Christians whom he can slay. If the debtor accepts his proposition, he becomes from that time a Juramentado, knowing perfectly well that if he manages to introduce himself in the midst of a Spanish population, all hope of escape is at an end. Death is therefore sure for Juramentados, though it is never the case that any repents his rash promise after he yields to the influence of certain rites performed by expert
priests. Alone in the deserted forest, the moon adding her rays to the weird and fantastic scene, they commence their exercises, which consist of fasting, reciting their prayers over the graves of dead Juramentados, and speaking of the bliss and happiness that is to be theirs in the heaven of Mohammed. When they arrive at a sufficient state of exaltation, but never before, they are sent into a Spanish city. As this is a performance which involves a great many ceremonies, it can never be kept absolutely secret, no matter how much it would be to their interest to do so, and thus it is that the governor of Jolo receives notice of a probable attack of Juramentados, but they can never inform him of the exact time the attack may be expected, because the Juramentados themselves do not know the exact time when they will be sent.
The experience of the Americans with these people has not yet been so ominous as that of the Spaniards, because, in the first place, they do not regard us as Christians; and, secondly, they have seen enough of our soldiers to know that we are dangerous
fighters, and consequently they both fear and respect us. It is impossible for them to believe that any people can be Christians who are so radically different from the Spaniards. A case of Jura-mentadoism, which occurred on the island of Basilan during the summer of 1900, is thus described:
The fanatic in this case was the servant of a man named Yaqui, who was being used to some extent by the Americans as an interpreter. One day, when some of our soldiers called at Yaquia s house, all of the servants, with the exception of this fanatic, stood up and did them honor. The fanatic sat sullenly in one corner and would not obey his mastera s call. As a result, when the Americans left, he was given a scolding and a whipping. He at once resolved to kill his master and then go to the garrison and kill as many soldiers as he could.
He went to the priest and took the oath of the Juramentado. He had washed himself and shaved his eyebrows and was about to start forth, when the dato who had heard of his taking the oath, ordered his warriors to kill him. They did this at once, cutting
his head from his shoulders and leaving his body lying on the ground for the boys and men to try their knives upon. After thfe man was killed, the dato reported his death to the American commander, saying that the Spaniards required him to report to them whenever they killed a Juramentado.
We are indebted to Captain Dodge for these additional particulars regarding the Moros:
a To illustrate some of the qualities of these people, I may set down the following: On a recent afternoon I went outside the wall with three companions, and together we ascended a gentle slope, a mile away, covered with beautiful waving grass and a young cocoanut grove. We had with us a guitar and a bottle of cognac with which to combat the tedium of a long afternoon. At the sound of the guitar and singing, the natives began to emerge from the hollows and groves about us. There were old men and women and children of every age. They approached silently and cautiously, as rabbits will come into a dooryard garden at
AMERICAN SOLDIERS IN THE PHILIPPINES.
Portion of the 20th Infantry at rest while on the march near Pasig, Luzon.