OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
incredible, but they are a part of the civilization herea a civilization so curious that I can hardly hope to make you see it as it is. It has all the elements of an opera bouffe show, and at the same time of the most terrible tragedies.a
A Juramentado is an American citizen of Mohammedan faith, who takes a solemn oath before a pandita that he will die killing Christians. But he announces his purpose in advance and thus affords his intended victims an opportunity to prepare for the inevitable. He is like a rattlesnake in that he gives warning before he strikes. He informs his people before he goes into this state. He has his eyebrows shaved, takes a bath and puts on his best clothes, usually dressed in white. He then goes to a priest and takes an oath before him that he will die killing the ungodly. Having thus arranged his worldly affairs, he arms himself with one of those terrible bolos or krises, and starts out, killing every Christian he meets until he is himself killed. As he goes on
General Arolas is one of the most admirable characters that Spain ever produced. He has always been an outspoken republican in his principles, and declares that if he were not a Spaniard he would be an American. He was one of the leaders in the revolutionary movement of Spain, which established a temporary republic there; and when his party triumphed he threw the throne out of a palace window with his own hands, to show the quality of his respect for the imbeciles who had occupied it.
After the restoration of the monarchy, he was made governor of the Sulu Islands, because he was regarded as a dangerous man to be retained at home. He soon whipped the Moros into submission and established the only form of authority in the archipelago that Spain had ever been able to maintain there. To a party of travelers who had called on him for passports, he said: a If you meet armed Moros outside of the town, order them to lay down their weapons and retire; if they do not instantly obey, shoot
GROUP OF AMERICAN OFFICERS IN THE SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES.
through his path of death, he often disregards the religious character of his victims, and kills every one he meets, being insane in his endeavor to add another and still another to his mortuary list.
Mr. Carpenter relates this incident regarding the Juramentados:
a Their theory is that the Mohammedan who kills a Christian is sure to go to heaven, and the more he kills the higher will be his place upon the steps of the throne. Until recently, when men had taken this oath, the datos claimed they could not control them, or at least that they were not responsible for their acts, but of late they have been ordering such men to be killed on sight. They had a lesson from General Arolas, who was in command of the Spaniards some time ago. Some of the warriors of the dato Cottabato had killed a number of Spaniards, and when the dato was called to account he replied that he could not restrain his men, for they were Juramentados. As an answer, General Arolas sent a gunboat and shelled the datoa s town, slaughtering 400 people. When the dato complained, the Spanish general coolly replied: a Cana t help it; my men are Juramentados.a a
them.a He adhered strictly to this system in his treatment of the fanatics, and it worked like a charm. Arolas was the only Spaniard that the Moros ever feared or respected. They called him a Papa,a and his word was law. During his term as governor he established a guard-house called the a lanceria,a outside the city walls, and all Moros were required to deposit their arms there before coming into the town. If a man attempted to pass the dead-line without first disarming, he was shot down without parley or challenge. A sergeant and four soldiers, with loaded muskets and fixed bayonets, were constantly on guard at the a lanceria,a but in spite of these precautions a Juramentado one day succeeded in fighting his way through the guards and fell dead fifty feet inside of the gate, after having received several shots and been run through the body with a bayonet. But this was the only incident of the kind that occurred during Arolasa administration. Previous to that time Juramentados had made their way into Jolo and beheaded Spaniards as they sat in front of the cafes, or at their homes or places of business. On one occasion a Moro who had
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