OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
being painful. Some of the priests teach that atonement for sin is made here on earth, in the form of disappointment, sorrow, suffering, etc. The purified soul assumes the same form and appearance that the body had on earth, except that it is glorified, like diamonds or gold. There are other variations from these general doctrines, the same as with Christians, but the foregoing constitute the essential principles of the Moro religion. They believe in the Old Testament characters, who are known as a Ibrahim,a a No,a a Adam,a a Mosa,a a Ismail,a a Daud,a a Sulaiman,a a Yakub,a a Alse,a etc. The last is supposed to be Samson. They possess the outlines of the stories of creation, of Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden, the flood, etc. The latter is unique, and is thus related by Prof. Worcester:
a When the forty days and nights of rain came, No and his family got into a box. One pair of each sort of bird and beast also came in. Men who were busy with their ordinary occupations, and did not enter the box, were overtaken by the flood. Those who ran to the mountains became monkeys; those who ran to the water, fish. The Chinaman changed to a hornbill. A
should pay for it with his life. Christ responded, a You have two animals in there, different from anything else in the world/ Mohamoud replied, a No, you are wrong and I will now kill you/ Christ said, a Look first, and see for yourself/ Mohamoud opened the door, and out rushed two hogs, into which Isa had changed his grandchildren.a
The Moros believe that men were originally a race of giants, and in proof of this they assert that Evea s tomb was fifty yards long. They do not, however, clinch their argument by exhibiting the tomb, as some of the Palestine churches do the grave of Adam, over which Mark Twain wept. Mark neglected to state how tall Adam was, but leaves the inference that he was of the average height; in which event our first parents cut a sorry figure when they walked arm-in-arm in the garden, Eve fifty yards high and Adam six feet. The Moros contend that it is the wickedness of the race which has reduced the stature of the body, and that by the time the world comes to an end men will not be more than one yard high. The mind, however, has kept on growing, and will continue to expand until the end of time.
SULTAN OF MINDANAO AND HIS PRINCIPAL DATOS, WITH SLAVES.
Some of the costumes are composed of silk and are richly embroidered. It is very difficult to photograph these people, as their religion prohibits the making of images ; but they do not regard the Americans as Christians, and are accordingly more deferential to our people than they were to the Spaniards.
woman who was eating the fruit of a seaweed, and would not stop, was changed into a fish called dugong, and her limbs can still be seen under its skin.a
The Moros have a very decided aversion to pork, and under 110 circumstances will they touch the flesh of the hog. The reason for this was explained to Prof. Worcester by one of their prominent men, in the following language:
a Jesus Christ, called by the Moros, Isa, was a man like ourselves, but great and good, and very powerful. He was not a son of God. The Moros hate and kill the Christians, because they teach that men could punish and kill the son of God.
a Mohamoud had a grandson and a granddaughter, of whom he was very fond. As he was king of the world, Christ came to his house to visit him. Mohamoud, jealous of him, told him to prove his power by a divininga what he had in a certain room, where, in fact, were his grandchildren. Christ replied that he had no wish to prove his power, and would not a divinea (divinar). Mohamoud then vowed that if he did not answer correctly, he
Each Friday is dedicated to public worship, and the faithful are called to the temple by the beating of a box or hollow piece of wood. All recite the Aman in a plaintive, intoning voice, in honor of the great Prophet; a slight gesticulation is then made while the pundita reads a passage from the Mustah. No young women are to be seen in the temple during these performances.
The title of a punditaa means priest, and is the common word for that office throughout our Moslem possessions. The pundita exercises almost supreme power in his district, not in a warlike sense, like the dato, but in all social and religious matters he is the head of the people. He performs all the functions of a priest, receives the vow of the Juramentados, and expounds the mysteries and glories of that better world whither they will go without delay if they die with their hands imbrued in Christian blood. The pundita is also the surgeon and doctor of the community. He is the learned man who knows all things, and sways the minds of his followers. Their funeral ceremonies are thus described by Foreman:
w a a a a a a a a