OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
to each of his three chief a advisers/a $60 each to three secondary a advisers/' $50 per month to his royal highnessa secretary, $40 to the a keeper of the royal harem,a and $15 to the assistant keeper. Under this arrangement, the American taxpayer has the satisfaction of knowing that the Sultana s harem has been added to the list of our public institutions, and the office-seeker has a new inducement. We do not own the Sulu Islands, neither do we govern the Moros. Our position is anomalous, and our action in this matter might lead outsiders to suppose that we were anxious to get something that would give us trouble. a According to the terms of the treaty, the United States guarantee protection to the government of the Sultan as it now exists. The United States agree to the preservation of existing social conditions, with the provision that every person held in bondage or ownership under grant of the Sultan, or by individual purchase, shall be entitled to his liberty upon payment of $20 in American money to the Crown.a The quoted sentences are from a statement, or explanation, of the treaty, published by Secretary Root, of the War Department. The a social conditionsa referred to are polygamy and slavery. But where is the a crown,a and who wears it? The Sultan says he is an a American citizen,a and citizens of this country do not wear a crowns.a Therefore, to whom shall the slave pay his $20 when he desires to a purchase his freedom?a There are so many curious questions connected with this Sulu transaction that one is apt to have his brain turned if he undertakes to solve them.
When Gen. Bates visited the Sultan for the purpose of making a treaty with him, he en ^ deavored to impress his savage highness with
the power and , wealth of our nation, by describing the vast
extent of our country and its exhaustless resources. The
Sultan listened patiently until the General was through, when he said:
a If this be true, why do you come here to take my little islands?a
It is of historical record that Gen. Bates did not answer the question, and many millions of Americans are repeating the Sultana s interrogation to themselve sa and remaining unanswered. Gen. Bates notified the Sultan that if any Americans should be killed by Juramentados, he would execute not
only the murderers, but also the priest who swore the oath and everybody who had anything to do with the crime. This declaration seemed to impress a his majesty,a and he immediately issued a proclamation telling his people that a they must not kill Americans, because they are like a bunch of matches, if you touch one the whole bunch will go off.a a Besides,a he added, a why should Mohammedans kill Americansa they are not Christians, they are Presbyterians!a It is asserted as a fact that these Moslem pirates do not regard us as Christians, and this is given as the principal reason for the immunity of our people in going among them unarmed. It is a part of their faith to kill Christians, which they regard as a sure passport to heaven; but our religion is so different from the Spanish article, with which they hitherto have been familiar, that they do not recognize it as emanating from the same source. A correspondent at Jolo, the principal Moro town, says:
a When the 23d Regiment went into Jolo, the Catholic cathedral was taken as a barracks, under stress of military necessity. This was a most startling proceeding to the Moros, and a terrible blow to intending Juramentados. The Moros asked themselves whether a people who slept with their boots on, and who marched with guns into the house that had been the sacred place of the Spaniards, who were Christians, could themselves be Christians. It could not be.
a Moreover, on the first day of the week, when the other Christians had marched in long processions to the holy place and their priests had chanted and waved little lamps of brass, these Americans were wont to come out to the meadow outside the city wall and throw a ball at each other and hit it with a heavy stick and knock it a great distance, and then shout so that the
GROUP OF DOMESTICATED MANGYANS.
NEGRITOS OF THE SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES.
This is one of the primitive races of the islands, and they are found in all parts of the archipelago.
echo thereof could be heard half way to Maybun. What would it profit a man if he shaved even his head and his eyebrows and slew these people? If these strange Americans were not Christians, then would Mohammed drive the Juramentados away in wrath when they should come before him and claim entrance to his heaven. The Moros practically have ended their investigations by deciding that the Americans are not Christians.a
Are they right or wrong? If we are not Christians, what are we?
The Sulu Sultanate embraces between 140 and 150 islands and islets, of which about 90 are uninhabited. Sulu is the largest of the group, and also the seat of the capital. This island is about 34 miles long by 12 in width. The Islam population of the Sulu Archipelago is estimated at about 11 100,000 persons, and the Mohammedans of Mindan l| ao, who also recognize the authority of the Sul \ tan, are supposed to number about 150,000. Some 1 authorities place the
number JL Mohammedan citi-
zens, or I a subjects,a whichever
we may J choose to call them, at
A DATO OF THE MOROS.
a 1 }a