OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
BATTALION OF 20th U. S. INFANTRY.
The men are brin^in^ in their dead from the battlefielda a too familiar scene in the Philippines.
forms a boundary for all the provinces infringing upon it. Data itself lies in the province of Lepanto. In this range copper ore has been smelted by the natives from time immemorial, and before Magellan discovered the Philippines. The process is a complicated one, based on the same principles as the method of smelting sulphosalts of this metal in Europe and America. It consists in alternate partial roasting and reductions to a matte,a and eventually to block copper. It is generally believed that this process must have been introduced from China or Japan. It is practiced only by one peculiar tribe of natives, the Igorrotes, who are remarkable in many ways.
Vague reports and the routes by which copper smelted by the natives comes to market, indicate that there are copper mines in various portions of the Cordillera Central, but the only deposits which have been examined with any care are those at Mancanyan (about five miles west of Mount Data), and two or three other localities within a few miles of that place. The deposits of Mancanyan are described as veins of rich ore reaching seven meters in width and arranged in groups. Mean assays are said to show over
sixteen per cent of copper, mainly as tetrahedrite and allied ores. The gangue is quartz. The country rock is described as a large quartzite lens embedded in a great mass of trachyte. An attempt has been made by white men to work these deposits, but with no considerable success. The failure does not seem to have been due to the quality or quantity of ore found.
Sulphur deposits abound about active and extinct volcanoes in the Philippines. In Luzon the principal sulphur deposits are in Dacian, in the province of Benguet, and at Colasi, in Camarines. The finest deposit in the archipelago is said to be on the little island of Biliran, which lies to the northwest of Leyte.
Marble of fine quality occurs on the small island of Romblon (latitude 12A 37'). It is much employed in churches in Manila for baptismal fonts and other purposes. Marbles are also quarried at Montalban, in the province of Manila, and at Binangonan, in the province of Marong.
With rich deposits of all the precious and most useful minerals; in the immediate vicinity of exhaustless fields of coal almost equal in quality to the best in existence; with immense forests of
THE GARROTE AND ITS VICTIM.
During the Spanish era the garrote was the instrument used for executing criminals. The body of the victim was frequently allowed to remain for some time on the
scaffold, as shown in this photograph, a gruesome reminder to other offenders.
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