OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
is associated platinum. The product of this district was estimated some years since at one hundred and fifty ounces per month, all extracted by natives with bateas or cocoanut-shell dishes. At $20 per ounce this would make the output worth $3,000 per month, which, of course, could be vastly increased by modern processes.
One of the daily papers of Manila recently published a communication from a correspondent who had just returned from the Zimbales region, in the island of Luzon, in which he said:
a I saw a long rosary of gold in the hands of one of the natives. It was made up of nuggets of virgin gggf gold, the smallest of which was as big as a pea. Holes had been
had given orders to his department commanders not to molest a unoffending Europeans who went about unarmed,a and consequently those gentlemen were enabled to prospect quite extensively. With regard to what they discovered, Mr. Rebstock says: a Before starting for the hills, we bought a camping and prospecting outfit, took provisions along, and, with an officer and two Filipino soldiers, started for the
SPANISH-MESTIZO GIRL,, MANILA.
pierced through the nuggets and they were strung on a silk cord. The gold was of a light yellow color and had evidently come from the surface of the ground. Its owner had purchased the nuggets of a .Negrito, but he could not learn where they had come from.a Several months after Messrs. Sargent and Wilcox interior, a party of soldiers, com-
were days and Sv^^x in nearly every stream. I pegged off a placer claim of twenty acres, from which I may some day reap a rich harvest.
a We started up the hills and affer
AN EDUCATED TAGALOG GIRL, MANILA.
had made their trip into the
posed of old gold miners, passed up the Pasig River and into the Monte Blanco region. Here, in the vicinity of San Juan, they found the wild interior tribes engaged in alluvial gold mining, and in spite of their crude facilities, they succeeded in obtaining considerable quantities of gold. At places the prospectors secured very satisfactory results, but, as in all former cases, they were closely watched by the natives, and finally were compelled to return to Manila. A month or so later the Filipino outbreak came on, and for the time all thoughts of gold mining were dispelled. While our troops lay before Caloocan, a town four miles from Manila, the soldiers at times washed gold from the little streams there, and at many places on the advance to Malolos good gold leads were found in the volcanic formations. At many places among the mountains similar deposits have been located.
Some months since a syndicate was organized in one of our Western Territories to prospect for gold in the Philippine Islands, and one of their number, a mining expert named Hunter, was sent to the islands to see what he could learn. On his return, after a thorough exploration of the known mineral districts, he reported that almost every commercial metal existed in paying quantities, except zinc. Coal, gold, copper, lead, iron, silver, marble, kaolin, sulphur, mercury and platinum have been discovered. In nearly every creek and in the bed of every stream examined by him gold was found in the sand and gravel. The deposit in the island of Mindoro is alluvial, and the natives wash the dirt and gravel in cocoa-nut shells, washing a little out at a time, merely enough for their meager use. The undergrowth is dense and the natives are too lazy to clear the ground, and it is only when a tree has been blown over by the wind that they make the effort to gather the gold. Mr. Hunter also found quartz r veins on both the islands of Mindoro and Pala-
...V r a 1a -.. a a wan. It was only slightly prospected by him,
but the quartz is of a decomposed nature, honeycombed quartz, and could be easily crushed.
The returns from it were marvelous in riches, running many thousand dollars to the ton. In the province of Cagayan, in the island of Luzon, gold was found in paying quantities. The estimation of Mr. Hunter is that the alluvial deposits are almost equal to the deposits in Australia, and that the quartz is richer than anything discovered in late years.
During the fall of 1898/ a Mr. Edward Rebstock, of St. Louis, accompanied by an Englishman named Cochran, made an extensive exploration in Central Luzon in quest of gold. This was before the commencement of hos-chino-mestizo girl, manila. tilities with the natives, and Aguinaldo
going some distance the Filipino officer declared that we could not go any further, as the Igorrotes would surely kill 11s on sight, if we went near them. It was about noon when we halted and went into camp with our minds pretty well made up to start back to town the next morning.
a As we sat over our meal my English friend and I decided to go up the river alongside which we were camping, and at least see that much more of the country. One of the Filipino soldiers agreed to go with us, the rest remaining behind in camp.
a We hadn't progressed more than a couple of miles, when we came upon six of the Igorrotes against whom we had been warned by our Filipino comrades. One of them was a woman with a baby. They looked harmless enough, and not at all like the savage man-eating gentry we had been led to believe them. They were getting ready for their meal, which consisted of roasted fish and roots. I tried to make friends with the baby and offered it an American dime. The gift pleased the mother so well that her husband invited us to partake of their dinner; so we sat down and ate roasted fish and roots with them.
a My first meeting with the Igorrotes was so pleasant that it shattered every expectation of coming across cannibals in our prospecting trips. We got back to camp before dark and in the morning
NEGRITO HEAD MEN.
The high hat and cane are emblems of authority, and are greatly prized by the natives, who regard clothes as unimportant.
. .'a V'V "* a a -i