REPRESENTATIVES of the BETTER class OF TAGALOGS.
The Tagalogs are the ruling tribe of the Philippine Islands, and many of them are highly educated. This young lady and her brother are fair representatives of this class.
OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
was a revolt among the Indians of Pampanga, Pangamsan and Ilocos, which was safely quieted. The Chinese made a revolt also. P. Sanvitorcs and other Jesuits started to convert the inhabitants of the Ladrones, where they established a school to which the queen,
Mary Ann, donated 3,000 pesos per year, and in view of this generosity the name of this group of islands was changed to Mary-Anns, or Marianas.
On the 8th of September, 1678, the general governor, D. Juan de
Vargas, entered the mouth of the
River Corregidor. His government was of great help to the commerce and agriculture of the islands.
There was a remarkable reform in the government during 1690. The public funds were raised and excellent laws were instituted, the robbers were persecuted, the governor's palace was rebuilt and enlarged, and the controversies of the Bishop Camacho and the Regulars were interrupted.
D. Fernando de Bustamante, camp marshal in 1717, reorganized the royal treasury of the islands and was very severe during his administration. He suffered a tragic end on account of his violent character. The king regretted very much this assassination, and gave orders to his representative in the islands, D. Toribio de Cosio, Marquette of Torre-Campo, to severely punish the culprits. Torre-Campo governed the colony during many years, and he turned it over to his successor, Valdes y Tamon, who proved to be one of the best governors of the past century.
During the period of the Marquese of Orlando, an embassy from the ruler of Borneo was received, who ceded to the crown of Castile the rights over the islands of Paragua and Balabac; and during the time of Senor Arandia, there was a remarkable expedition against the Moors, in which the P. Ducos made himself notable; and the eruption of the Taal volcano occurred
FILIPINO BOY WATER-CARRIER, MANILA.
and destroyed the important towns of Taal, Sala and Tananan. The thick streams of lava opened the crater over a mile and a half in diameter. Sand fell like rain in a storm.
One of the eruptions lasted eight y days in succession, and the sun
was hid by the ashes, which invaded all the surrounding provinces, and even the capital of the archipelago.
In 1762 this Spanish province was rapidly advancing in civilization. The remarkable patriotism and perfect agreement of the religious orders with the authorities, the correct administration and advancing development of agriculture, gave signs that the
CHURCH OF SAN SOLIDAD, CAVITE, NEAR MANILA.
Showing also groups of natives in their Sunday costumes. Nearly all the natives are devout Catholics, and very earnest in the observance
of religious ceremonies.