OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
CALAMI AN VILLAGE.
The Calamian Islands lie southwest of Mindoro, between that island and Palawan, and on account of their poverty they are inhabited principally by women and children, the boys and men migrating to other islands at the first opportunity.
highest and best known to man. If it should transpire that the Mangyan is right, what a waste of energy there is in maintaining the civilization of the white man!
The Bagobas, of southern Mindanao, are another remarkable people of these wonderful islands. Their appearance and customs indicate that they are closely related to the Papuans.
They also resemble the Persians, and, like that nation and the East Indians, wear a turban. They are tall, well-built and intelligent, and are said to be the handsomest people on the islands.
The color of their skin is a bright yellow. The hair, which is luxuriant and fluffy, like that of the Papuans, is worn in a knot or bunch on the crown of the head, under the turban. In disposition they are fierce and resentful, as the Moros are, and for this reason they are not allowed to bring their murderous knives and lances into the towns or the camps of the soldiers. They are head-hunters and murderers, and when one has killed a certain number of men he is permitted to wear a badge of distinction in his turban, which is also an official license to kill. Like the Papuans, they fill their ears with immense rings, and some wear rings or cross-sticks in their noses. They decorate themselves with amulets of boarsa or sharksa teeth, and the men wear bracelets on the wrists and circlets of beads around the legs, between the calf and the knee.
Their clothing, such as they wear, is made of woven grass cloth, stained in various colors, and braided with beads. Their costume, when in full dress, consists of a short grass cloth jacket, with arms extending a little below the elbows, and trousers of the same material, tied around the waist with a grass rope and terminating about the middle of the thighs. They chew the betel nut and are very fond of tobacco, which they persistently beg from the soldiers. Boiled rice is their principal food. They eat squatting in erouos around a single bowl, into which they all dip with their
hands and fingers.
These people are nature-worshipers, and are said to offer up human sacrifices. Mr. Carpenter thus describes some of their customs and superstitions:
a The Bagobas are polygamists. Every man has two, three or four wives, according to his means, and all the chiefs own slaves. They enslave the captives whom they take in war, and it is from the slaves that they get their victims for sacrifice. They are nature-worshipers, praying now and then to the volcano Mount Apo, and it is, I believe, to this mountain that they make their sacrifices. The man who furnishes the slave for the purpose is thought to be favored by the god, and therefore is the chief official at the ceremony. The slave is stripped and so tied to the limb of a tree that he or she is forced to stand upright. Then the owner gives the first blow with his barong, a sort of knife, which is as sharp as a razor and as heavy almost as a butchera s cleaver. With this he chops the victim across the neck from behind.
Showing peculiar style of steep-roofed houses built by these people, the first story being elevated some distance above