684 OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
trees are chopped down with machetes and cut into sections three or four feet in length.
These are split in halves and the .fiber pounded into a pulp with clubs or wooden mallets, after which water is run through the mass to wash the starch out.
The liquid comes out white and thick and is caught in rough troughs or large leaves and allowed to settle. The water is then drawn off and the sago dried in the sun, when it is ready for use.
In spite of their disgusting habits and ugly reputation as head-hunters and cannibals, the Mangyans are innocent and harmless savagesa mere children of the forest. During his sojourn in their country, Prof.
Worcester greatly amused them with toys of the simplest and most primitive character. One of these was made by inserting a few shot in an empty metal cap-box, which they shook and laughed over like a lot of infants.
He gave a small mirror to one of the men, who acted precisely as a dog or monkey would have papuan war canoe.
done in a similar situation. The Papuans decorate their canoes in various ways, the alligator being a favorite device. Many of their customs
resemble those of the Solomon Islanders, who are a mixture of Papuans and Negritos.
When he saw his reflection in
the glass, he looked behind it to see the unexpected stranger; Then he pettishly threw the magic instrument on the ground and failing to discover him after several ineffectual attempts, he sud- stalked away in lordly disdain.
denly jerked the mirror aside, so the mysterious person would not The Mangyans are mere dwarfs in stature, the tallest of the
have time to hide. Being again disappointed, he held the glass men averaging but little over five feet in height, while the women firmly with one hand while he reached around it with the other do not attain to more than four feet and six or eight inches. This and sawed the air in a frantic effort to grasp the illusion, is due to exposure and the wandering lives they lead, as well
as to the inferior quality and uncertain supply of their food. Mentally and morally they are in the lowest stage of savagery. There is probably no other tribe or race of people in the world down so near the level of the animal creation. They have no conception of a deity or a future existence. As they express it themselves, a When a Mangyan is dead, he is dead,a and that is the end of him. There is no record of any other people so low in the scale of mental inspiration. All other tribes of "savages have some form of religious belief, some fetich, or idol, or spiritual worship; but these people have not yet risen to that plane. They
PAPUAN VILLAGE AND WOMEN, ISLAND OF MINDANAO. are Oil the Same
The custom of wearing a nose ornament is common with all the tribes that are allied to the Papuans, but it prevails more generally i i__ 11
among the Solomon Islanders than elsewhere, level morally as the