OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
administration of the government at Manila he sent a strong expedition against the Moros of Mindanao. The latter, instead of meeting and battling with the overwhelming numbers of the Spaniards, enticed them into the interior regions, where eighty per cent of the soldiers died of starvation and disease. They perished so rapidly that the priests could not shrieve them. Meanwhile Weyler remained at a safe distance on a warship, and sent glowing accounts of brilliant victories to Manila, where they were celebrated writh great pomp and processions and fireworks.
On account of the number of tribes and the diversity of dialects on the island, a mongrel Spanish patois has been adopted as a common medium of communication. It is unintelligible to one familiar only with the pure Castilian, but it serves the purpose for which it was instituted.
Among the singular wild people of Mindanao, Panay and other southern islands of the Philippine group, none are more interesting than the Monteses. This is a general term, meaning a mountain people,a or people of the mountains; but there are several tribes living in the mountainous regions of the islands referred to whose customs and general characteristics are so nearly alike as to lead to the inference that they belong to a distinct nationality or tribe, the variations found among them being due to the influences of location and association with other tribes. They are not, however, a distinct race, for they possess the same peculiarities of appearance anca most of the customs of the other tribes.
In ferocity of disposition and some of their religious beliefs they resemble the Moros, but in other respects they show their Malay origin, while their large forms and excitable dispo- of the mountains by which they are surrounded. Among their sitions are probably derived from Papuan blood and the pure air other peculiarities, they believe that when a person dies he becomes lonely in the spirit world, unless he has company; and, accordingly, when a death occurs, the relatives of the deceased usually rush forth with spears and knives and slay the first individual they meet, sending his spirit into the land of shadows as a companion for their departed friend. If they do not succeed in killing some person before the end of the third day, they then sacrifice an animal instead, and return home with a consciousness of having performed their duty. The prevalence of this singular custom has led to the habit among these people of living in detached houses, instead of congregating in villages as savages usually do; for while they regard it as a sacred duty to provide their departed friends with traveling companions, they manifest a decided disinclination against supplying their neighbors with similar accommodations. Strangers sojourning in the country of the Monteses always go well armed and are constantly on their guard, for they seem to be preferred as spirit companions to the native product. Other tribes living near these people have given them the name of demonios, or mountain devils, and in some respects they seem to feel a pride in maintaining their ugly reputation. But they are not entirely bad. As may be readily inferred, they are remarkably superstitious, and dread the white man because of the papuan man and women. anting-anting, or charms, which they im-
The Papuans are a race of finely developed primitive savages, and resemble the Negritos and Igor- serine Drotect him from harm. Any white
rotes more than any of the other races. a6 ^
These people are enterprising and warlike, and resemble the Papuans more than any of the other tribes. They live principally in the island of Luzon, but are also found in some other portions of the archipelago.