OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
Shortly after the death of Legazpi, Guido de Lavezares having been appointed governor, a famous Chinese pirate named Li-Ma-Hong appeared in Manila with a fleet of sixty-two ships and a very strong command, with the avowed purpose of sweeping the islands with fire and blood. The heroism of a handful of Spaniards, without the help of the natives, made him retreat, and they followed him as far as Pangasiman, where the remainder of his army and fleet were destroyed.
IK In 1577, Sirelaa or Malaela, according to othersa the a king of Borneo, implored help from the governor of the Philippines against his brother, who had deprived him of his crown. In compliance with this request, D. Francisco de Saude, successor of Guido, prepared an expedition against the rebel, gave the crown to its original owner, and established commercial relations with the Borneos. He afterwards sent another expedition against Mindanao and Jolo, took possession of these islands and established order among their savage inhabitants.
From this time on the colony of the Philippines progressed rapidly, and the governor extended his influence in all the neighboring kingdoms. At this time (1580) Manila was governed by Du. Gonzalo Rouquillo Penalosa, who was, according to history, a man of energetic character. Rouquillo formed in Manila a squadron
SENORA AGUINALDO, Mother of the Filipino leader.
and sailed against Taisfu, a Japanese pirate, who had infested the seas of China, Japan, Cambodia and Tun-Kin, and completely destroyed his fleet after a bloody battle on the Cagayan River. He also sent an expedition of 300 Spaniards and 1,500 natives against the Moluccas. During his term the first bishop of the Philippines, Fr.
Domingo de Salazar, arrived, and proved to be of great assistance in the government of the islands. His death was the cause of double regret, in that it gave occasion to a terrible catastrophe. One of the candles that surrounded his corpse in the church of San Agustin lighted the ornaments, and the temple and a great part of the city was reduced to coals. In 1590 the king appointed D: Gomez Perez Dasmarinas governor, who arrived and took possession of the government and royal seal. He built walls around Manila, erected the Fort of Santiago, the Holy Cathedral, the Horplean College for the militia of Santa Potencia, and established order in the hospitals and houses of charity. He held diplomatic relations with Japan, Cambodia and Siam. He pacified and definitely fixed Spanish dominion in Zam-bales and Camarines, and personally went out at the head of a strong armada to defend the king of Siam. During this voyage he died by the hands of Saugleyan traitors, on the island of Batangas, where his fleet was driven by a strong tempest.
Wife of the Filipino Commander-in-Chief.
NATIVES OF THE ISLAND OF LUZON.
These people represent the peasantry of the island, who are but little, if any, better than slaves to the ruling class. They are usually of mixed blood, a hybrid race, manifesting no distinctive racial characteristics. Two of the men and the boy have in their hands an agricultural tool commonly used by farmers, while the man squatting near the right of the group carries a a bolo,a or cane knife.