OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
The affairs of each community are directed by a council of old men, chosen by the people for their wisdom or experience. Their decisions, which are final, are rendered according to their own ideas of what is right. Some of their laws are very peculiar, and at the same time seem to be founded on a true sense of justice. Theft, for instance, is punished by a fine equivalent in value to twice that of the stolen article; and if the thief cannot pay, or refuses to do so, he is publicly whipped. Polygamy is prohibited, and in case of adultery the injured husband is authorized to kill both his wife and her paramour, but he must not kill the one and let the other escape. Fathers fix a price on each of their daughters, graded according to their several virtues, and prospective bridegrooms are required to
a DUBU,a OR CARVED PILLAR TEMPLE OF THE PAPUANS. Ljke ajj
The Papuan is one of the primary races of the Philippine Islands, and in the southern portions of the archipelago sr J r
many of these people are still to be found. Their religion is similar to that of the Solomon Islanders, and consists of tllP Oth^r relations of life
demon or spirit worship, so that temples like the above are sometimes called a devil houses.a 9
however, these matters are
a dart which they blow through a kind of pea-shooter, made of largely influenced by negotiations or the conditions of the matri-the stem of the bamboo. They devour their fish and meat raw, and monial market. If a father objects in general occupy a very low plane of civilization. And yet in to a suitor on personal grounds, many respects they are very interesting people. Like nearly all he must pay a fine to the injured of the Philippine tribes, they have the musical instinct thoroughly party, an arrangement which gives developed. Their instruments are of the simplest character, con- prospective sons-in-law an equal sisting of drums with shark-skin heads, flutes made of bamboo, a primitive jewsharp of the same material, and guitars or banjos with hemp strings. The harmony which they contrive to produce with such rude instruments is remarkable.
They have many holidays, feasts and dances, and appear to get a great deal of enjoyment out of their primitive modes of life. One of their dances is thus described by Prof. Worcester, who witnessed its performance:
a Dancers sometimes came out singly, sometimes in pairs.
Many of the dances were very interesting, but as we did not understand the words which accompanied them, much of their significance was lost to us. In one of the commonest a man and a woman, or a boy and a girl, took part, each showing off fancy steps of a very lively order, while the man tried to catch his partner off her guard and gain a position immediately in front of her. She would allow him to all but succeed, foiling him at the last instant by a quick dodge or sudden turn. If the man gained the desired position for so much as an instant, his partner at once retired and another took her place. In not a few instances this dance resolved itself into a test of physical endurance between two individuals, the one who first gave out being liberally jeered by the crowd.a
The partly domesticated Tagbanuas, who live along the coast, have been debased by the quality of the civilization with which they have come in contact. Those living in a wild state among the mountains of the interior, while they are pure savages, are much more admirable in character.
Their houses are small and rudely built of nipa palm and bamboo, the universal house material of the Philippine Islands, and are usually perched high up in the air on bamboo stilts, resembling in this respect the abodes of the tree-dwellers in some of the other islands. They also possess a a syllabic alphabet, which they employ by scratching the characters in vertical columns on the smooth surface of bam-
boo joints. Their system of government is of the simplest a negrito family.
form, common to most savage tribes throughout the world. The Ne^bbyA 8nome wrftmSem'iefi?.."* sup'