OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
a The Papuan is a confirmed smoker, even the children indulging in the a fragrant weeda from a very early age. They use the wild tobacco leaf, but naturally prefer the a tradea variety when they can get it. Their method of consuming the weed is unique, and, to our civilized ideas, a very undesirable one. They use a bau-bau, and if you have never tried one, take my advice and dona t, for, somehow, it is infinitely stronger than the foulest pipe, and warranted to upset anything but the Papuan stomach in the quickest time on record. The bau-bau is made of a piece of bamboo, from eighteen inches to two feet long and one or two inches in diameter, with one end partly open, and the other closed up naturally by the joint. Near the joint is a small hole, into which is placed the tobacco, rolled in the leaf of a particular tree, or paper, w7hen procurable.
This latter is lit, and the smoker immediately commences drawing as hard as he can at the open end of the stick. As soon as the body of the pipe is filled with smoke the hand is placed over the aperture, and the bau-bau is passed round, each smoker taking two or three draws from the small hole, and handing it on to his neighbor. In this way every one gets a smoke in a very economical manner. Some of these bau-baus are very elaborately carved and stained and have been in families for years.
a All the natives in British New Guinea, near the centers of civilization, speak a sort ol pigeon English, which sounds very comical to a strangera s ears at first, though he finds himself imitating their example before he has been long in the country. If a native has a bad headache, he announces the fact thus: a Head belonga me him walk about plenty.a He will describe a man with a long, white beard as a White fellow grass belonga
NEGRITO WARRIOR WITH PAIVM-WOOD BOW AND BUNDLE OF POISONED ARROWS.
NEGRITO WARRIORS WITH BAMBOO SPEARS.
face him grow plenty.a The writer inquired of a boy at Samarai where his master was, and was informed, a Masta him fightum box all the same cry, belonga house belonga man.a By this he meant to convey the information that his master was playing the piano at
a neighbora s house, though to the uninitiated it would sound uncommonly like vola-puk or gibberish.
a There is a sort of native currency throughout the island. This consists of very small shells, threaded on thin strings, and is so valuable to a native that he can wear enough money around his neck to buy trade to the extent of $1,000 of our coinage. Most of the trading, however, between the natives is .done in kinda the regular currency of the shell money being principally confined to the island tribes.a
Next to the Malays and Papuans, in numbers and influence, are the Moros, or Moors. They predominate in the Sulu group, and are found on all the islands of the archipelago south of Luzon. These people are very fierce and warlike, and were never subdued by the Spaniards. No writer has been able to classify them as a race, though they show marked characteristics of the Arab. But how did Arabia contrive to people these islands with Persia, India and China lying between? We leave this question for others to answer, and confine ourselves to facts as they exist. So large a degree of interest attaches to the Moros and their islands that these subjects are set apart for treatment in a special chapter.
Southwest of Mindoro there is a group of small islands called Calamianes, thinly inhabited by nondescript natives of no particular race. Owing to the difficulty of making a living on these islands, the men and boys escape and go elsewhere at the first opportunity, the result being that ninety per cent of the population is