OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
with their childrena s pursuits and amusements, and giving them perfect liberty at whatever age they wish to claim it. But those very peaceful relations between parents and children are no doubt, in a great measure, due to the listless and apathetic character of the race, which never leads the younger members into serious opposition to the elders; while the harsher discipline of the Papuans may be chiefly due to that greater vigor and energy of mind which always, sooner or later, leads to the rebellion of the weaker against the strongera the people against their rulers, the slave against his master, or the child against its parents.
a It appears, therefore, that, whether we consider their physical conformation, their moral characteristics, or their intellectual capacities, the Malay and Papuan races offer remarkable differences and striking contrasts. The Malay is of short stature, brown-skinned, straight-haired, beardless and smooth-bodied. The former is broad-faced, has a small nose and flat eyebrows; the latter is long-faced, has a large and prominent nose, and projecting eyebrows. The Malay is bashful, cold, undemonstrative and quiet; the Papuan is bold, impetuous, excitable and noisy. The former is grave and seldom laughs; the latter is joyous and laughter-lovinga the one conceals his emotions, the other displays them.,,
No better or more accurate description of the two dominating races of the Asiatic islands was ever written,
a The aboriginal population of New Guinea is believed to exceed 1,000,000. They are pure Papuans, and may be described as a barbaric race. Many of them are still cannibals; most of them are warlike; and all of them are honest, which latter fact is sufficient proof that they have not yet become civilized in the ordinary acceptation of the term. In appearance they are decidedly picturesque, being well formed and graceful, and possessed of by no means ill-looking faces. Their color ranges from light to dark brown, some being as fair as the Samoans; others, again, almost as dark as negroes. Their heads and features vary so much in size and shape that they cannot be classed under any one type. Their hair, which is wavy and luxuriant, they wear combed back over their shoulders, and often held off their foreheads by bands of fiber or beads. In their hair, of which they are very proud, they wear fancy combs, ingeniously constructed of bamboo and fish bones, and artistically decorated with feathers and beads. Some of the coastal men dye their hair a sort of light red color. This is done by the application
SUMMERING IN THE PHILIPPINES.
This is another instance in which our boys have captured a native village, and, finding a the folks away,a have proceeded to make themselves at home and as comfortable as could be expected under the circumstances. The fatherly-looking senator in the rattan chair is for the time being at peace with himself and the world.
and the characteristics so graphically pictured by Mr. Wallace will be observed cropping out among these people and their ramifications and intermixtures, wherever they are found. Those who are familiar with these facts will readily understand the peculiarities of the so-called Filipinos, as well as the more southern and fiercer tribes, and thus be prepared to account for their apparent contradictions and eccentricities.
The principal seat of the Papuans is on the island of Papua or New Guinea, but from this central hive they have spread out to nearly all the other islands of the Eastern seas, and left traces of their customs and racial peculiarities among nearly every tribe of Polynesia. Hence, in reaching a correct understanding of the customs and character of the southern Philippine tribes, it is necessary also to be familiar with those of the Papuans. The distinguished traveler and author, Mr. J. Martin Miller, has but recently been among these people, and we are indebted to him for the following particulars regarding their domestic and social relations, as well as their general racial characteristics:
of lime, but whether with the fixed intention to dye it or with the object [of killing parasites, I am unable to say. In agriculture, house and canoe-building, wood-carving, pottery-making, and in several of the minor arts of life, they have attained a fair degree of proficiency. Some of the personal ornaments of this interesting people are very pretty and ingenious, and much of their carving, considering the fact that they have at their disposal only the most primitive toolsa sharp shells or stonesa is wonderfully executed. They fully recognize the rights of property, including the individual ownership of land.
a Many of their customs are quaint; many more are gruesome. They are great believers in charms, and many of them wear a number of strange ornaments always about their person. The fighting charm of the northeast coast natives is made of boara s tusks, standing out from an oval-shaped disk of native twine, closely plaited, and is worn around the face and over the crown of the head, under the chin and before the ears, and kept in position by a sort of bit, which they hold firmly between the
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