OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLEa .
mony of baptism, thus affirming more strongly the friendly relations, and inducing them to give an affidavit of obedience to the king of Spain.
On the 26th of August, 1521, Magellan, while fighting in Mactan in favor of these new subjects of the Castilian crown, received the wound of an arrow, which caused his death. Duarte de Barbosa, who wTas elected to replace Magellan, died by the hands of traitors, in company with twenty-six companions, at a banquet offered to them by the barbarous king of the island. Whereupon Juan Carballo was named general, and with the rest of the fleet sailed to the Moluccas, where he arrived after many hardships, being well received by the natives. Of the six ships that left Spain, only two reached the Island of Tudor, and only one, the a Victoria,a returned to Spain, via the Cape of Good Hope, under the management of Juan Sebastian del Cano, who arrived at San Lucar de Barramoda the 7th of September, 1522. This was the first navigator that made the voyage around the world, in memory of which His Majesty decorated him, presenting him, as a coat-of-arms,a globe of the earth, with the inscription, a Primus circundedit me.a
Charles I., encouraged by the discoveries and glory acquired by his subjects, and notwithstanding the many disasters incurred, ordered a new squadron to be formed, at the head of which he put the adventurer, Estevan Gomez, who promised to find a new strait in the sea of the South (the Pacific), by the coast of Baccalaos; but this fleet having been destroyed by a storm, he arranged another under the command of D. Fray Garcia Jofre de Loaiza, who sailed from Corima in June, 1524. Loaiza passed through the Magellan Strait; but upon entering the Pacific his
FRUIT SEINERS OF MANILA.
In all the Filipino cities there are many girls and young women who make their living by selling the native fruits and flowers on the streets. But few of them are good-looking enough to excite poetic fancy, and their dispositions are not, as a rule, of the most lovable character.
The Court of Castile being then absent, they were obliged, in order to obtain their object, to see the king, who was at that time the great Charles I. Through the good services of the prime minister and the Bishop Fonseca, an interview was arranged for them with the emperor, who was in Sarragossa.
The king listened attentively to the plans of Magellan, and, having.become, convinced of their feasibility, he accepted the proposition. An agreement was accordingly entered into by which Magellan was named a adelantadoa (ruler) over the lands that he might discover.
The building of the ships, which was done in Sevilla, by order and at the expense of the emperor, took some time, but at last the fleet sailed, on the 19th of August, 1519, composed of the ships a S. Antonio,a Concepcion,a a Santiagoa and a Trinidad.a
On the 27th of November, 1520, after innumerable adventures, Magellan crossed the strait that immortalized his name, and went forth into the Pacific Ocean, seeking the islands of the West.
The passage of the Pacific was very dangerous, but they were recompensed on the 19th of March, 1521, by the discovery of the first land. A few days later he came in sight of the Marianas, which he named a Las Velas Latinas,a and in a short time he arrived at the large island of Mindanao, which afterwards received the name of Caesarea Caroli. He coasted the province of Caraga, discovering new channels and islands; and stopping eventually at the mouth of the Butuan River, he ordered his men to land and attend mass, in honor of the feast of the pentecost, this being the first time that the holy sacrifice was celebrated in the Philippines.
He proceeded on his voyage, and passing between Leyte and Bohol, he arrived at Cebu, where, notwithstanding the hostility with which he was received, he made friendship with the chief and inhabitants of the island. Through the great demonstrations of the Catholic religion, he induced the principal chiefs of the court to accept the cere-
MESTIZO BOY AND GIRI,.
The Mestizos are half-castes, usually of native mothers and Spanish or Chinese fathers. A native author declares that, as a rule, a the Mestizo girls are often of wonderful beauty,a but his imagination appears to be more vivid than the facts warrant.