OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
cultured class. If my observations of that class are just, however, I think that inferences can safely be drawn from them that extend their application over the entire Tagalog population. The great mass of this population has been kept in an unenlightened state by deliberate legislation which has effectually deprived them of every opportunity for advancement. Those who have acquired education have acquired it at an extravagant cost that has placed it hopelessly beyond the reach of all but the wealthy. There are few, if any, among that number, howTever, who, while possessing the price of a schooling, have neglected to apply it to that end. I cannot see what better gauge we can obtain at present of the intelligence and ambition of the whole Filipino race than the progress that has been made by its favored members with the limited opportunities at their command. Throughout the island,a thirst for knowledge is manifested and an extravagant respect shown for those who possess it.
a I have seen a private native citizen in a town in the interior exercise a more powerful influence than all the native officials over the minds of the inhabitants, simply because he was known to have been educated in the best schools at Manila, and was regarded for that reason as a superior man. The heroes of these people are not the heroes of wrar, but of science and invention. Without rival, the American who is best known by reputation in Luzon, is Mr. Edison, and any native with the slightest pretension to education, whom you may question on the subject, will take delight in reciting a list of his achievements. The ruling Filipinos, during the existence of their provisional government, appreciated
A CALAMBA MILK-WOMAN.
a I drank in the details of the picture with delight until I came to the thick haze that overhung it. Through the meshes of each veil a tube of tobacco was thrust, and every pair of dainty lips gave its continual contribution to the cloud of smoke that dwelt around the little group like a halo of universal sanction.
a The men whom we met in the western provincesa our hosts at the different townsa possessed in general the same characteristics that we had observed in their countrymen farther to the eastward. We noticed, however, a marked difference between the inhabitants of the two districts in the matter of the prevailing religious sentiment. Throughout the valleya of the Rio Grande the ordinary ceremonies of worship were almost entirely suspended for want of persons ordained to conduct them.
a In Ilocos and Union, however, natives had been promptly placed in the sacred offices left vacant by the imprisonment of the Spanish priests; and at the time of our visit they were conducting all the services of the church. Freedom of thought marked the views of every Filipino that I have heard express himself on the subject of religion, and although I certainly have met devout Catholics among them, I judge that that church, on account of the abuses with which it has been associated on the island, has failed on the whole to secure an exclusive influence over the minds of the natives.
a In speaking of the Filipino people, I have had reference throughout principally to one class of their society, which I have called the
A MESTIZO MERCHANT.