OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
visitors to secure a just conception of the Filipino talent in matters of the palate. We felt, on leaving the table, as if the horn of plenty had been thrust against our lips and its contents to the last crumb forced down our unwilling throats. I notice in my diary an entry made after returning from a dinner in one of the western provinces, where more moderation was displayed, which reads: a We had been in dread of encountering another such feast as those at Ilagan and Aparri, but found, to our great relief, that this meal lasted through only eight courses/
a A Filipino dinner is usually served shortly after noon, and is followed by the siesta. The next meal comes about 9:00 oa clock, but is ordinarily preceded about three hours earlier by light refreshments of chocolate and swnctmeats. The native is very fond of the latter, which he prepares from cocoanut meat and sugar. His table is always seta at least when guests are presenta with a tablecloth and napkins, and the customary supply of knives and forks. He is very temperate in his use of liquor. An alcoholic beverage is made from the sap of the a nipaa plant, and imported wines are served in the houses of the rich in the large towns. None of these are used to excess, however; and I have never seen an intoxicated Filipino.
a Throughout the valley of the Rio Grande, as well as the province of Nueva Vizcaya, the wilder regions are inhabited by Igorrotes. These savages are not powerful enough to attack a town of any size, but they are a formidable mcnr.cc to the smaller villages, and particularly to travelers. Unarmed individuals cannot go with impunity from one town to another, but must travel in parties and with an armed escort. For this reason, communication between the towns of these provinces is comparatively rare. Many provincesa such as Nueva Vizcayaa are shut off from their neighbors by ranges of mountains, whose passes lie in the Igorrote territory and are eminently exposed to attack. At certain seasons of the year these attacks become especially numerous, on account, it is said, of the religious ceremonies observed by the Igorrotes. These ceremonies require the presence of human heads; and, accordingly,
the whole tribe, moved by a deep feeling of piety, proceed, with their armament of arrows and lances, to waylay any unhappy Filipinos
TWO ACCOMPLISHED FILIPINO MAIDENS.
These young ladies courteously posed for their photographs while on their way to the ballroom, dressed in evening costume. They are high-caste Tagalogs, and very accomplished in their manners.
who may come within reach. One of these seasons of religious manifestation lasts nine days. It had become so notorious, and had cost so many lives, that a few years ago a law was passed prohibiting travel on certain roads between prescribed dates.*
a Many tribes of Igorrotes have been brought partly within the pale of civilization, principally in the western provinces. These tribes, in their semi-civilized state, are called Trugmanes. They live in primitive villages, and are presided over by leaders chosen from their own tribe. I have seen many of these people. The chiefs dress in Filipino garb, with cotton trousers, and a shirt falling outside of all. The tribesmen wear only loin cloths. They are finely built and very powerful men.
a The dangers incident to travel have had much to do with the confusion of dialects that prevails on the island, and this confusion is consequently more marked in the eastern than in the western provinces. The educated class of Filipinos can speak two languages that are universal throughout the island in their own class; these are Spanish and Tagalog. The ignorant natives, on the other hand, have only their own provincial dialect. These dialects are so different one from another, that they must be separately studied to be understood. Dictionaries of many of them have been made by the Jesuit priests. Through the servants of our party, we
GEN. HARRISON G. OTIS AND STAFF IN THE INTERIOR OF LUZON.
* The head-hunters here referred to belong to the tribe of Gaddanes, which Mr- Sargent seems to have confused with the Igorrotes.a Editor.