644 OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
NATIVE CIGAR FACTORY.
Girls and women who work in the cigar and cigarette factories receive about fifteen cents per day, but living is so cheap that they contrive
to get along comfortably on such wages.
comparatively homely life, with its peculiar manners and customs.
a In our journey we traveled first across the province of Nueva Icija, by far the poorest and least interesting of all the provinces we visited. And yet, even here, we were greatly surprised by the intelligence and refinement of the inhabitants. While our entertainment at first was meagera tor want of the wherewithal to provide a more generous onea we could nevertheless detect the same spirit of hospitality that found vent in elaborate manifestations in the richer towns which we visited later. We were particularly struck by the dignified demeanor of our hosts ?nd by the graceful manner in which they extended to us their welcome. We had unlimited oppor f tunities for conversation with the citizens of the towns, and we found everywhere a c1ass that gave evidence of considerable
culture and a certain amount of education. Their education included those branches only which were taught at the schools conducted by the priesthood at the capital towns of the provinces, and was of rather an impracticable nature. The Spanish language, Spanish history (appropriately garbled), church history, and the dead languages evidently formed its leading features.
a The natives of this class seemed to have made the most of the opportunities offered them, and they had the subjects above
A VILLAGE OF THE BETTER CLASS IN NORTHERN LUZON.
This is the village mentioned by Mr. Sargent, where some of the houses were surrounded by bamboo fences, in one of which there was a unique swinging gate.