New York [etc.]:
D. Appleton and Company,
Text on page 415
State of the Philippines in 1810
The prevailing error, however, in this respect, I am confident arises out of a principle very different from the one to which it is usually attributed. The tributary native is, in fact, disposed to pay the quota assigned to him into the hands of the chief of his clan, in money, in preference to kind; because, independent of the small value at which the articles in kind are rated in the tariff, he is then exposed to no expenses, as he now is for the conveyance of his produce and effects; nor is he liable to so many accidents. But as the chief of each clan has to deliver in his forty or fifty tributes to the head magistrate, who is answerable for those of the whole province, it is natural for him to endeavor to make his corresponding payments in some equivalent affording him a profit; at the same time the provincial magistrate, speculating on a larger scale, on the produce arising out of his jurisdiction, seeks to obtain from the government a profitable commutation in kind for that which the original contributor would have preferred paying in money. In order the better to attain his purpose, he asserts, as a pretext, the impossibility of collecting in the tribute under another form, alleging, moreover, the relief the native derives from .this mode, whereas, if only duly examined, such a pretence is founded on the avarice, rather than the humanity of the magistrate.
Leaving to one side the defects attributable to the present mode of collection, and considering the tribute as it is in itself, the attentive observer must confess, that in no part of our Indies is this more moderate; and, indeed, it is evident that the laws generally relating to the natives of these Islands seem to distinguish them with a decided predilection above those of the various sections of America.
The tribute in its origin was only eight reals per family; Items in but the necessity of providing for the increased expenses of the gov- tribute. ernment gave rise to this rate being afterwards raised to ten. The Sangiey mestizos pay double tribute, and the Sangleys contribute at the rate of $6 per head. Besides this, all pay a yearly sum, applicable to the funds belonging to the community, and the above two casts pay three reals more, as a church rate, and under the name of the Sanctuary, the whole being in the following form:
Entire Native Tribute
Tribute of a , Mestizos Sangleys
8 Reals, original tribute........
1 Reals for expenses of troops. Y2 Real to tithes...............
16 Reals. $6 each. 3 1
10 Reals, amount of tribute 1 Real, community funds.. 3 Reals, sanctuary rate.. . .
20 Reals. $6.75
14 Reals, total annual disbursement
24 Reals. $6.7524 Reals. $6.75