National Geographic Society,
Text on page 1244
BUILDING STONE SPLIT AND CUT BY YOUNG IFUGAO BOYS
trails have already been completed and others are under way. Deep streams and gorges are at the outset crossed by aerial a flying ferries,a which are later replaced by permanent bridges (see pages 1214 and 1215).
It is a significant fact that we have never had a man murdered on one of our finished trails. The wild men have come to appreciate highly the safety and ease of travel over them and are glad to aid in their construction.
The law imposes on every able-bodied man in the special government provinces the obligation of working 10 days annually on public improvements, which usually means roads and trails or of paying a tax of one dollar; but power is vested in the Secretary of the Interior to exempt people who have not advanced sufficiently in civilization so that it seems desirable to impose this burden upon them.
It has been my policy always to pay cash for trail work at the start, and to impose the public improvement tax only after the wild men were themselves able to appreciate its benefits and were willing to pay it. The people of the hill tribes
make sturdy laborers, moving earth in large quantities and showing especial ability in handling rock.
The dry stone retaining walls which they constructed are admirably built. They soon learn to handle sledge and drill, and a number of them have become quite skillful in the use of powder and dynamite.
SOME PRACTICAL, RESULTS OF ROAD AND TRAIL CONSTRUCTION
The necessity of working side by side has often resulted in the establishment of friendly relations between old enemies. The cost of living has been materially decreased in the wild mana s country by the improvement in means of communication, while the exportation of his surplus products has been greatly facilitated. As the result of recent road work we expect to reduce by about one-third the cost of salt used by the 123,000 people in the subprovince of Ifugao during the present year.
Another very important result is the enormous increase in the efficiency of the government police force. Ugly headhunting towns become peaceful and law-