National Geographic Society,
Text on page 1215
A MOUNTAIN PROVINCE BRIDGE BUILT UNDER AMERICAN RULE
Bridges have to be placed at a great height above ordinary water level, as the streams of the Mountain Province are subject to terrific floods. During 1911 there was a rainfall of 38.8 inches in 24 hours. Later there was a rainfall of 31.4 inches in a like period. During the latter storm the wind reached a velocity of 108 miles per hour.
Their music is supplied by gansas, which are played in a fashion peculiarly their own. Their dances, in which one man and one woman usually participate, are energetic but ungraceful, and are usually individual performances of very brief duration.
Their religion, like that of their neighbors to the south, is a form of spirit worship.
No schools have as yet been established for their children, but there is reason to believe that the latter will prove apt pupils.
The Kalingas have until very recently been inveterate head-hunters. Crimes of violence are now comparatively rare among them and are for the most part confined to remote and inaccessible portions of their territory. While they bitterly hate their Filipino neighbors in Cagayan and are at times with difficulty restrained from continuing to take vengeance for past injuries, they are more
than kindly disposed toward Americans, who can now travel safely through any part of their territorya a condition particularly appreciated by me; for I certainly diced with death when I first crossed it, with one American and one Filipino companion, in 1906.
The Katabaganes are a wild tribe of Malay origin inhabiting the mountains in Tayabas near the Ambos Camarines boundary.
But a few individual representatives of this tribe now remain, and practically nothing is known concerning them except the mere fact that they exist in the region mentioned. No photographs of them have ever been obtained.
TrtE MANDAYAS (SEE PICTURES, PAGES I I^O AND I I7l)
The Mandayas, said to number some
30,000, inhabit the upper waters of the