National Geographic Society,
Text on page 1197
primitive; salt works
These works are operated by Igorots at Salinas, Nueva Vizcaya, and supply salt to some
The Ifugaos are very skillful in the raising of rice, which they grow on wonderful terraces constructed with infinite pains on the steepest mountain sides and irrigated by water brought in ditches which are often of considerable length (see the unusual photographs of these terraces in the National Geographic Magazine, September, 1912). The terrace walls are usually made of dry stones, and the skill and industry which these comparatively primitive people have displayed in thus building walls 10 to 40 feet high, which stand up not only under irrigation water, but under the floods caused by terrific rain-storms, in which water sometimes falls for a day or more at the rate of an inch an hour, are greatly to their credit. Many centuries of hard, continuous work must have been required to construct these terraces. They must be seen to be appreciated, and the more one sees of them the more he appreciates the high degree of intelligence and the extraordinary industry of their builders.
Advantage has been taken of the nat-
ural ability of the Ifugaos to handle stone, and mere boys have readily been taught to split boulders, cut the stone thus obtained to the required dimensions, face it, and utilize it in the construction of dignified and imposing public buildings (see pages 1244 and 1246).
the: ifugaos are: good farmers
The Ifugaos cultivate their rice very carefully and raise splendid crops when irrigation water does not fail them. They also raise beans, onions, gabi (taro), and cotton on their terraces. Camotes, or yams, are planted extensively on the steepest mountain sides. Pigs and chickens are kept in considerable numbers, but as yet the Ifugaos have no cattle. On state occasions the wealthiest men sometimes purchase carabaos, which are turned loose to be cut down with war-knives by invited guests, each person being entitled to so much meat as he can slice off and get away with. Terrific scrimmages result, in the course of which men are often badly cut, but the injuries