remains to any one of the parties concerned. A sore or abscess in any part foretells the speedy death of one of the chiefs of the people of that part.
Sketch of ventral side of pig's liver from which omens are read. The several parts are taken to represent the several districts in which the augur is interested, and the future relations between the communities inhabiting these districts are foretold from the observation of the ligaments, fissures, and prominences, etc., connecting or separating these parts, and their good or bad fortune is implied by the state of the surface of corresponding parts. On one occasion the signs were read as follows :aArti toh (right lateral lobe) stood for the Tinjar district and people ; Arti arkat (the right central lobe) for the Madangs ; Sunan (the left central lobe) for the main Baram and its people ; Tikong (the left lateral lobe) for a particular Kayan village in thelBaram. The shortness of the gall-bladder (Pedu) which separates the Baram and the Madang districts was held to be of good omen, as also the large development of the caudate lobe and the strength of the ligaments connecting Arti toh with Arti arkat. A pit in the area Sunan was held to foretell the early death of some Baram chief.
It is obvious that this system of interpretation, which is common to nearly all the peoples, gives much scope for the operation of prejudice, suggestion, and ingenuity. But the group of interpreting
Fig. 79.Fig. 79.