DECORATIVE ART 249
very elongate animal form to a rosette form ; we have occasionally met with the former amongst Sarawak Kayans, but it is a common thigh design amongst the Mendalam Kayans; the forms numbered b and c are unusual in Sarawak. Of the four examples given in PI. 136a and it may be noted that these met with the high approval of expert tatu artistsa Figs. 1, 2, and 5 may be considered as intermediate between Nieuwenhuis* very elongate example f and the truncated form e which is supposed to represent the head only of a dog. Fig. 2 is characteristic of the Uma Balubo Kayans, and is remarkable in that teeth are shown in both jaws; whilst, both in this example and in Fig. 5, the eye is represented as a disc, in Figs. 1 and 6 the eye is assuming a rosette-like appearance, which rosette, as Nieuwenhuisa series shows, is destined in some cases to
increase in size until it swallows up the rest of the design. Fig. 6 may be compared with Nieuwenhuis, Fig. ey as it evidently represents little more than the head of a dog. Although a single figure of the dog is the most usual form of tatu, we have met with an example of a double figure ; it is shown in Fig. 7 ; it will be observed that one of the dogs is reversed and the tails of the two figures interlock. Fig. 8 represents a dog with pups, tuang nganak; A is supposed to be the young one.
The dog design figures very prominently in Kayan art, and the fact that the dog is regarded by these people and also by the Kenyahs with a certain degree of veneration may account for its general representation. The design has been copied by a whole host of tribes, with degradation and change of name (Fig. 62).
On the deltoid region of the shoulders and on the breast, a rosette or a star design is found (text, Figs. 63 and 64)* As already stated, it seems in the highest degree