In the chronological table given at the end of this chapter this is taken to be the case, although, as a matter of fact, its foundation is generally placed many years later.
While, as already stated, the Javan chroniclersausually Buddhist priestsain the main give Aji Sdka as the first Hindu who visited Java, another account very plainly states it was the Prince of Rom who was the first comer. Some of these historical records appear sufficiently interesting to give here, although a more thorough knowledge of the history of the country shows that the writers were not always careful in their statements, and drew too freely on their imaginations. In the main, however, and for Oriental, the records were fairly accurate, but they must be looked on as somewhat mythical, and the dates are hopelessly entangled.
" Prbu Jya Baya was a great and powerful prince of Astina,1 and the fifth in descent from Arjuna, the son of Pndu Dwa Nota, after whom had reigned successively Bimdnyu, ParaUsit, Udayana, and Gandra Yana. His Penggaim, or chief minister, being a man of great enterprise and ability, was sent to visit and civilise foreign countries. In the course of his travels he landed on Java, then the abode of a race of Rasaksa,2 and known by the name of Nsa Kndang. This happened in the first year of the Javan era, and is distinguished in the Chandra Sanglcala by the words nir, abu tanpo, jalar, meaning literally 4 nothing, dust, not anything (but) man,' and metaphorically the figures 0001. He here discovered the grain called jwa-vmt, at the time the principal subsistence of the inhabitants, and, in consequence of this discovery, he changed the name of the country to Nsa Jwa. In his progress through the island he met with the dead bodies of two Rasaksa, each holding a leaf with an inscription on it one in puriva [ancient], the other in Siamese characters ; these he united and thus formed the Javan alphabet of twenty letters.
" He had several combats with the Rasaksa, particularly with the Dervata Chengkar ; and, after fixing the date of his different
1 Hindustan. 8 Perhaps Ba-Sakya.1 Hindustan. 8 Perhaps Ba-Sakya.