THE DUTCH IN JAVA, 1628 TO 1811 258
faults on both sides. He arrived at a difficult time, and was severely handicapped.
A year or so before Daendels' arrival the British Admiral, Pellew, arrived in Java (1806), sought out the Dutch squadrons, and destroyed the main units at Batavia, Sourabaya, and Gressie.
Daendels' first task was to place the defences in order, for instead of the Dutch attacking the English in British India it was the English who might at any moment sweep down on Java and attack him. The French flag was now hoisted by him for the first time at Batavia.
Daendels now became most active and unremitting in his exertions ; after the fall of Mauritius he did not doubt Java's turn would be next, and amongst the Dutch colonists in Java there was a kind of reign of terror, for they felt that now Holland was a French department their fate lay between the English and the French, and they did not know which they preferred.
Daendels marshalled the army, which seems to have consisted of about thirty thousand men.
Cavalry (one regiment of five squadrons) Infantry (seven regiments of three battalions of
fiv companies each) Artillery .... Chasseurs .... Horse artillery .
21,000 3,000 3,000 1,000
Besides which there were about two thousand natives, armed with pikes, from Timor and Bali. These troops Daendels concentrated for the most part at Weltevreden, outside Batavia.
The fortifications of old Batavia were dismantled, stores, ammunition, and archives being removed ; while an endeavour was made to force the inhabitants to desert it
j.avol. i.j.a vol. i.