RISE OF DUTCH POWER IN THE EAST 221
has been quite phenomenal. The population has quadrupled itself, for whereas it stood at less than one million when Dutch domination came to an end, to-day it stands at over four millions.
The following is a copy of a despatch from William V., Prince of Orange, to the Dutch governor of Ceylon, in which he agrees to the capitulation of the island :a
Letter from William V., Prince of Orange, to Governor van Angelbeck, 7th February, 1795 (translated from the original preserved in the English Government Archives, Colombo) :a
" Noble and Most Honoured Confidante, Our Trusty and Well-beloved.
" We have deemed it necessary to address you this communication, and to require you to admit into Trineomalee and elsewhere in the Colony under your rule, the troops of His Majesty, the King of Great Britain, which will proceed there, and also to admit into the harbours, and such other places where ships might safely anchor, the warships, frigates, and armed vessels which will be despatched there on behalf of His Majesty of Britain ; and you are also to consider these as troops and ships belonging to a Power that is in friendship and alliance with their High Mightinesses, and who come to prevent the Colony from being invaded by the French. Wherefore, Noble and Most Honoured Confidante, Our Trusty and Well-beloved, we commit you to God's holy protection, and remain
" Your well-wishing friend,
William, Prince of Orange.
" Kew, 7th February, 1196."
The following is the list of Dutch governors of Ceylon, with the dates of their appointments, from the full occupation in March, 1640, until February, 1796 :a
William Jacobson Coster.....1640
Joan Matsuyker ...... 1646
Jacob van Kittenstein.....1650
Adrian van der Meyden.....1653Adrian van der Meyden.....1653