TRIBES IN DUTCH BORNEO
down in rapid succession. Three months lateraat the end of the yearaanother festival occurs.
The Katingan calendar may be rendered thus:
In order to ascertain the auspicious date for planting paddi these Dayaks employ an astronomical device founded on the obvious fact that in their country there comes a period when a rod placed in an upright position casts no shadow. That is the time for planting. In addition to this method of determination they consult a constellation of three stars which "rise" in the east and "set" in the west during half a year, and are invisible during the following six months. When the three stars appear perpendicularly above the rod in the early morning, before sunrise, then the time to plant is at hand; when they are in the zenith in the late afternoon before sunset, the season for making ladang has come.
For these observations, however, a single rod is not used, but an arrangement of rods called togallan, seven in number, which are planted in the ground, the middle one upright, the rest diverging on either side like a fan. Beginning on the left side, six months are indicated, but the togallan does not remain standing more than three; in fact as soon as the planting is finished it is removed. Although the most propitious time is when the sun is
1. Cutting the jungle, June and July.
2. Drying the trees and burning them
3. Planting paddi..................
4. New paddi......................
during 2 months
in 3 months during 1 or 2 months " 3 months
2 months2 months