384 PHYSICAL AND POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY.
than what can be effected by a pointed stick ; in fact, the steepness of the valley sides is against a very improved rice cultivation ; it is better adapted for coffee. Mr. Low, who has much experience, pronounces the soil, a rich orange-coloured loam, to be superior to that of Ceylon, and, Kina Balu being but twenty-five miles from the sea-coast, there are great advantages there. The plains are alluvial and very fertile.
With regard to the amount of population, all estimates would be mere guess work ; but it must be considerable, as little old forest remains, except at the summits of lofty hills ; the rest being either under cultivation, or lying fallow with brushwood upon it. The tribes on the Tampasuk estimated their own numbers at five thousand fighting men ; the Tawaran tribes were equally numerous ; but reducing that estimate, and putting together the various information received, I should be disposed to place the entire population of these districts at above forty thousand people. This is under rather than over the amount.
The five thousand fighting men who are stated by the Ida'an to live in the Tampasuk are, they say, thus divided :a
The Piasau Ida'an
500 1,000 ltooo
It is impossible to verify this statement, but we may test it slightly by the observations made. The Piasau Ida'an, so named from the extensive groves of cocoa-It is impossible to verify this statement, but we may test it slightly by the observations made. The Piasau Ida'an, so named from the extensive groves of cocoa-