IOO DIPLOMATIC AND COMMERCIAL RELATIONS.
ever, that this article should be cancelled, as it decrees the payment of direct duties, on the consolidated system of one thousand seven hundred ticals (21 %h 105.) for each Siamese fathom of a ship's beamaa rate since reduced in practice to one thousand ticals (125L), but which still placed British shipping on so disadvantageous a footing as to render it unable to compete with the free shipping of the Siamese officers and the nominally taxed vessels of the Chinese. This article prohibited the exporta* tion of paddy and rice, the staple products of the country.
The abrogation of Art. VI. was indispensable, as in very absolute terms it placed all British subjects under Siamese laws; rendered them liable to be punished by a capital penalty in cases of homicide; by whipping, fine, or imprisonment, for other offences; and visited disrespectful language to a Siamese officer with immediate expulsion from the country.
The principal infringements of these treaties by the Siamese Government consisteda
1. In heavy duties being imposed on the exportation of sugar, iron and steel, iron pans, pepper, oil, stick-lac, and other articles ; or,
2. In farming the trade in these articles to single persons, from whom or through whom they could alone be purchased.
3. In prohibiting the exportation of teak-wood, bullion, and salt.
4. In imposing heavy import duty on foreign iron and steel.4. In imposing heavy import duty on foreign iron and steel.